PHL 315 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Nicomachean Ethics

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Founded school named lyceum due to plato, his mentor, not appointing him director of his academy. Every action aims at a good according to aristotle. Some ends to an action are immediate, while others are for ultimate ends. It is the highest end which must be identified to reach a higher end. Aristotle believes highest art to reach communal good is politics because it organizes a city/state (polis) Takes into account that politics is not methodological compared to other arts such as science and mathematics. Happiness: the highest end is to reach happiness. Honor is for recognition while virtue is the ultimate for of happiness. 53-54): happiness is self-sufficient, however not completely based on the individual. What is the function of the human being in self-sufficiency: to function well, all things have a function because good and bad can be found in the function.

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