Includes choosing members of the upper house of the legislature (bundesrat) Created after wwii for the western-controlled sections of germany; amended in. Federal system, with signification powers reserved for states. Lower house (bundestag - has more power) and upper house (bundesrat) Members of the lower house are directly elected at national level in a mixed: bundestag passes all federal laws, bicameral legislature electoral system, parliamentary system. Chancellor (prime minister) is head of government. Chosen by the members of the lower house (bundestag) No party has ever had a majority in the assembly. Can be removed by the legislature only be a constructive vote of no confidence. Not only have to vote for the chancellor to be removed, but also have to vote on their successor. Has only been attempted twice, and worked once: mixed electoral system. Can be adjusted up (but not down) if party"s smd seats do not match its national support.