NFS 203 Lecture 5: Ch 5 nfs 203

3 Pages

Nutrition & Food Science
Course Code
NFS 203
Beth Leonberg

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Ch 5 Obesity and Pregnancy - Higher incidence of preterm delivery, gestational diabetes, and hypertension - Having 2 or more of these abnormalities increase risk of disease: - Increased blood glucose - High C reactive protein levels - Increased insulin blood concentration and blood pressure - High LDL and triglycerides - Visceral fat produce inflammation and oxidative stress - Weight loss during pregnant decreases risk for large for gestational age infants but increases risk for small for gestational age and lowers duration of pregnancy Bariatric Surgery - Dumping syndrome: - Weakness, dizziness, nausea, palpitation, after eating produced from rapid emptying of the stomach - Leads to thiamin, D, B12, iron and calcium deficiency - Decrease maternal complications in obese women before pregnancy Hypertensive Disorders - Chronic inflammation, oxidative stress and endothelium damage - Endothelium damage and oxidative stress = endothelial dysfunction (restricted placenta blood flow, increased blood clot, plaque) - Four Types: - Chronic Hypertension - Present before pregnancy or before week 20 - Blood pressure >140 mm Hg systolic OR >90 diastolic - Preterm delivery, fetal growth retardation, placenta abruption (separation of placenta from the uterus wall before delivery) - Reduce salt intake *but not too excessive - Gestational Hypertension - Elevated blood pressure detected after mid pregnancy - Increases risk of preclampsia - Preeclampsia and Eclampsia - After 20 weeks - Cured by delivering the placenta - Symptoms: - Increased blood pressure, headache, blurred vision, ab pain and abnormal liver enzymes - Oxidative stress - Blood vessel spasm - Adverse immune system - Low urine output - Eye sensitivity - Abnormal blood flow to placenta - eclampsia leads to seizures - Higher risk: - In women born SGA, insulin resistance, obesity and high triglycerides - Low fiber and unhealthy diets - Iron supplements - Vitamin D and Calcium used to reduce risk in those with poor status Diabetes - Absense of lack of beta cell production of insulin and abnormal blood glucose - Gestational Diabetes: - Risks: - Spontaneous abortions, stillbirth, congenital abnormalities -
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.