PSY 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Presenting Problem, Dsm-5, Psychological Testing
Degree of fit between symptoms and diagnostic criteria. Reliability = degree of consistency of a measurement. Examples of things that are kept constant. Physical examinations can be helpful in diagnosing mental health problems. Target behavior: behavior of interest (e. g. , something that needs to be increased or decreased) Direct observation conducted by assessor (e. g. , therapist) or by individual or loved one. Goal: determine the factors that are influencing target behaviors. When individual observes self, it is called self-monitoring. May be informal or formal (e. g. , using established rating scales) Simply observing a behavior may cause it to change due to the individual"s knowledge of being observed. Project aspects of personality onto ambiguous test stimuli. Require high degree of inference in scoring and interpretation. Require minimal clinical inference in scoring and interpretation. Assess broad range of skills and abilities. Ct scan), magnetic resonance imaging (mri), functional mri (fmri) Assess brain structure, function, and activity of the nervous system.