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Lecture 6

PSY 101 Lecture 6: Learning Theories and Applications

4 Pages

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PSY 101
Jeremy Michael Tyler

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Learning Theories and Applications. Learning is a process by which experience produces a relatively enduring change in an organisms behavior or capabilities. There are there models of learning processes. Classical Conditioning. It is a process in which an organism learns to associate two stimuli, such that one stimulus comes to elicit a response that originally was elicited only by the other stimulus. The process was discovered by Ivan Pavlov while studying salivation response in dogs. He discovered that dogs predicted the arrival of food that led to salivation. A neutral stimulus is one which does not trigger a response. Classical conditioning can have. o Before conditioning. A stimulus which triggers a response naturally before any conditioning. Unconditioned stimulus, UCS. A stimulus that elicits a reflexive or innate response, UCR, without prior learning. Unconditioned Response, UCR. A reflexive innate response that is elicited by a stimulus, UCS, without prior learning. o During conditioning. A neutral stimulus and and unconditioned stimulus gets and unconditioned response. Conditioned stimulus, CS. Is a stimulus that through association with a UCS, comes to elicit a conditioned response similar to the original UCR. Conditioned response, CR. A response elicited by a conditioned stimulus. o After conditioning. A neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus. The ways a stimulus can change are. o Forward shot-delay pairing. CS appears first and is till present when the UCS appears. o Forward trace pairing. The CS appears and then disappears, and then the UCS is presented 2-3 seconds later. o Simultaneous pairing. The CS and the UCS are presented at the same time. o Backwatd pairing. The CS is presented after the UCS. Acquisition refers to the initial stage of learning or conditioning. The association between a neutral stimulus, NS and an unconditioned stimulus, US. Classical conditioning is strongest when. o There are repeited CS-UCS pairings. o The UCS is more intense.
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