Rel 155: the new testament: 1 september 2016: canon, texts and manuscripts, review. Historical approach to the new testament: not confessional, not devotional, not apologetic. Critical approach to the new testament: engaging in critical analysis comparable to the study of other ancient texts. But also it is about the importance of being self-critical allow your own presuppositions and biases to be questioned. The historical-critical approach: an umbrella term that describes this perspective on the texts, approaching texts in a historical-critical manner, using a range of methods. Canon: what is in and out of the new testament. The historical study of canon formation ascertains how certain texts came to be regarded as scripture. The role of the printing press also key. Codex sinaiticus (mid 4th century) one of the oldest christian bibles: http://www. codexsinaiticus. org/en/ Athanasius"s festal letter (367): lists 27 books of the nt: canon (a) marcion.