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Lecture 9

PHILO-120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Mimesis, Oligarchy, Third Man Argument

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Intro to Philosophy
Fall 2018
The Second Meditation
Descartes 2
Topics: Second Meditation
Cogito - “Archimedean Point”
Nature of Mind
Mind better Known than Body
Synopsis of the Second Meditation
In the Second Meditation, the mind uses it own freedom and supposes the non-
existence of all the things about whose existence it can even have the slightest
doubt; and in so doing the mind notices that it is impossible that it should not
itself exist during the time. This exercise is also of the greatest benefit, since it
enables the mind to distinguish without difficulty what belongs to itself, i.e. to an
intellectual nature, from what belongs to the body” (VII 12).
Nothing is certain.
Mind is better known than body.
Method of doubt in the
First Mediation: reject beliefs that are not epistemically certain
Second Mediation: uncover beliefs that are epistemically certain
Archimedean Point:
Meant to illuminate the mediator.
An epistemically certain beliefs on which the epistemic certainty of other beliefs
can be founded.
Descartes states that the archimedes used to demand just one firm and
immovable point in order to shift the entire earth so I too can hope for
great things if I manage to find just one thing that is certain.
The Cogito
I think there for I am: I am, I exist is necessarily true whenever it is put forward
by me or conceived in my mind.
Character and Constitution Answering Glaucon
*Final Plato Lecture
Forms of Injustice
Why Just Life is Happiest
Against Poetry
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