1960 president johnson declared a war on poverty . At the time, there were 36 million poor people. Working, low wages 1/3 of the poor population. African americans (24%), latinos (21%), and asian americans (10. 3%) are more likely to be poor than whites (8%). Women with children, head of the household . Higher numbers for minority children and children of single. Why are some groups poor (inferior to others)? mothers. Deficiency theories argue that individuals or groups are different in ways that keep them poor. The problem is with them and/or their groups/institutions. Blacks have low iqs iq of 80. Said that since during slavery the families were separated, that this still stands today with black families. Culture of the poor keeps them down (bill cosby). Murray says the welfare states undermines ambition. Closed system status is determined at birth. One of a number of means used to avoid contact with lower status individuals.