SOCIO-120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Thomas Theorem, Femininity, Gender Role

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Focus on an individual"s ability to perform labor, such as knowledge, social and personality attributes. Lack of education and investment in self. Individual demographic characteristics (age, marital status)- reasons for poverty. Individuals lack a value system, which is transferred from generation to generation. The idea that the poor are culturally unique has been discredited, but persists in popular culture. People are lazy, often depicted in the media. Focus on limited opportunities, often based on location/status in a society. Factors such as race/ethnicity, gender, geography, age can be linked to: Aggravated by restructuring of employment due to technology and globalization. Propose improvement of human capital through education and training or say that nothing should be done as poverty is the individual"s fault. Proposals that redistribute wealth, such as graduated taxation or direct grants such as welfare programs. Work to remove institutional blockages such as limited access to education, housing, employment, transportation, or lack of child care.

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