HLTH 2000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Quackery, Louis Pasteur, Smallpox

48 views3 pages
29 Dec 2017
Early Periods of Addressing Public Health and its transformation
Pre-Modern Era : Early Humans; Learning occurred by observation, as well as by trial
and error; Development of rules and taboos; Believed in influence of evil spirits and
Age of Enlightenment : 1700s were a period of revolution, industrialization and growth
of cities, Cities overcrowded, water supplies inadequate/unsanitary, problems with
trash, workplaces unsafe; Health Education/Promotion still not emerged as a profession;
Average age at death: 28 years
Miasmas : disease formed in filth and caused by noxious vapors
The Nineteenth Century: 1800s : Overcrowding in cities, caused many public health
problems - small pox, cholera, typhoid and tuberculosis reached high endemic levels;
became known as the bacteriological period of public health
Lemuel Shattuck's Health Report (1850) led to the Establishment of Boards of health;
The collection of vital statistics; The implementation of sanitary measures; Research on
disease; Health education; Controlling exposure to alcohol, smoke, adulterated foods
and quack medicine.
Louis Pasteur, France : 1862: Proposed Germ theory
Robert Koch, Germany : 1870
Developed criteria necessary to establish particular microbe causes to particular
diseases; Once it was discovered what caused disease, they could begin working on how
to prevent it.
In the 1900s, the life expectancy was less than 50 years; Leading causes of death were
communicable diseases; Vitamin deficiencies and poor dental health common in slums
Reform Phase of Public Health (1900-1960): A time of financial expenditures for
facilities, manpower and research
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.