Must utilize a concept that can be used to judge between right and wrong that applies to the subject matter. Good should be done and evil avoided: seek their good by nature but humans thwart their nature (due to freedom) Theos - theology (placeholder used for god) Is there something actually called a moral law: concept of law in general. The kind of society you have is a direct reflection of the people in it. Psyche - soul: basic principle of life, has different levels. Intellect - contemplate things that do not exist in the world. Ho =w to make it happen: reason - practical (accomplished or avoided, will, passions (emotions) - things that happen to you (easier) Passion: i am acted upon vs. happiness: pleasure occurs overtime. Have to be trained to take pleasure in the right things. Human nature - capacity of a human species. Justice - there is a certain cycle/process that needs to occur.