People v. rideout: facts: d"s car hit p"s car. While there beside the car, an oncoming vehicle hit passenger, killing him. "we need the injury to be a direct and natural result of the defendant"s action. " The court says that one of the big things we look at to see if it is an intervening cause (doesn"t break the chain) or superseding (breaks the chain) is whether or not it was foreseeable. The court is looking at the fact that the people had reached a position of safety. If they had stayed where they were, nobody would have died. It concludes that there is not enough evidence to show he was legally liable because the passenger"s decision to reenter was a superseding cause and cuts off liability. They had reached safety, but chose to go back out. State v. guthrie: facts: the appellant was convicted of first-degree murder.