Class Notes: October 31, 2012
Common language = the terms (prejudice/discrimination) are interchangeable
Prejudice = negative attitude held toward members of some identifiable social group
Discrimination = negative action towards those individuals identified
It is federally illegal to discriminate against sex, religion, creed, race, and ethnicity. However,
sexual orientation and gender identity vary be state.
Target Factors/Groups: Race, sex, class, religion, intelligence (or lack thereof), age, appearances
(body size, shape, modifications), introverted/extroverted, clothing, occupation, sexuality, gender
identity, ability (mental, physical).
“Glass ceiling” – study done by the United States Department of Labor looking at management
positions for women. From 1970 to 1990, women went from 16% to 40%, but only in middle
management. In the highest positions (CEO, presidents, etc.), women went from 3% to 5%.
Forms of Racism (Some Disguised)
token-ism = one person to represent a whole demographic
reverse discrimination = treat prejudice groups more favorably
- benevolent sexism = sounds positive but still based on stereotypes
social creativity response = certain qualities that society values as an asset, oth