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Lecture 19

ANT 101 Lecture 19: ANT101, 4-04-18, Stutz

2 Pages

Course Code
ANT 101
Nilsson- Stutz Liv

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1 Layan Ibrahim Anthropology 101 Mon/Wed/Fri 10:00 10:50 am Dr. Liv Nilsson Stutz Wednesday, 4/04/18 1 out of 2 Pages Culture and Language Acquisition: Culture starts at birth Learning a language is deeply connected to learning how to be a competent member of society The process of becoming a competent member of society is realized to a large extent through language All children become members of their social group o The process of becoming a member of the social group, and a language user, is culturally constructed o The way we talk about things is culturally loaded Language is socializing o The way you change your way of speaking in different settings E.g. You and your friends vs. you and your professor Connecting with friends through jokes, informality, slang etc. o A language changes the way you process things o Code switching some words are not able to be translated from one language to another o Vulgarity in language that is not your first language Because of proximity impact is not as close o Geography, class, ethnicity plays a role in language E.g. yall in the South vs. not being used in the North People viewed less educated because of their accent o Gender plays a role Men and women dont talk the same way Women are more apologetic, reserved, timid. While men are the opposite o We make associations, we classify, and we project value this is how we operate culturally o Different generations speaking the same language differently o Media plays a role in imitating a language usually just happens When you learn a language you simultaneously learn a culture The way we speak and encounter really young children Children learn very early Cultural differences in language acquisition o Language learning does not follow a hardwired biological program o Culture shapes what a child learns Does the parent adapt the situation to the child (and her babbling)? Or must the child adapt? 2 What we often think about as instinctual is in fact, learned o E.g. the way we talk to babies How we talk to children is culturally shaped o Parent adapts to baby and facilitates creates a PROTOCONVERSATION with her o The conversation usually involves the child + one interactor. It is dyadic and turn- taking o The child is at the center. The adult lowers the level and imagines a higher level for the child (masking incompetence) o The infant is treated as a social being, as a communicative partner Imagining that you are facilitating this conversation Papa New Guinea o Kaluli: Mother does not make eye contact, but she stages conversations for and about the baby, whenever older children and adults are around. This is not a dyadic relationship The helpless child is assisted by the mother in the important task of verbal communication: creating triadic conversations in particular to help form a bond of older child to the baby The child is considered helpless versus the typical Western culture of being incompetent Child has no understanding so the mother does not pretend to translate a desire or need. You never say what somebody else is thinking or feeling The child as a non-communicative partner. But the child still learns since (s)he is surrounded by talk by many different people and this talk is not adapted: The attitudes change when the child starts to utter intentional words A straight talk society. No gossip. Egalita
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