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Lecture 4

PHIL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Anytus, Peloponnesian War, Sarcasm

Course Code
PHIL 100
George Yancy

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Socrates (465-399)
Plato (427-347 BC)- Academy 387 BC
Socrates is Plato’s teacher
Plato taught Aristotle
*?Xenophan, Aristophanes, Aristocles all thought of Socrates as a historical individual
Socrates fought in the Peloponnesian war
Socrates wife was Xanthippe and he had two very young sons
Irony- closely linked to sarcasm
Sarcasm- sarx- flash- to bite the flesh. Nastier than irony
Sarcastic irony
o Socrates feigns ignorance- pretends not to know when he does know in order to
get those who think they know to reveal their ignorance
Reading: Apology, Plato
Plato wrote this speech for Socrates to defend himself in his trial
Apology= defense
Ex. Christian Apologetics= Christian defense
People who bring Socrates to trial:
Anytus- brings to trial on behalf of the craftsman and politicians
Meletus- on behalf of the poets
Lycon- on behalf of the orators
Guide Questions: (will be on exam)
*What are the old charges brought up against Socrates?
1. Socrates busies himself studying things in the sky and below the Earth
a. He reminds the people of Athens of the Pre-Socratics: Thales, Heraclitus,
Democritus, and Leucippus who would explain things without reference to G-d.
i. Thales- everything is made up of water
ii. Heraclitus- everything if made up of fire
iii. Democritus and Leucippus are atomists and believe everything is made
up of atoms.
2. It is ILLEGAL not to believe in the gods of the state
a. Atheistic natural philosopher
3. That he has the tendency to make the worse argument the stronger thereby misleading
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