POLS 120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Anuja Iyer, Authoritarianism, Economic Freedom

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26-03-2018
1
NOTE TAKER: Anuja Veeraghanta
CLASS/SECTION: POLS120, Section 1, MW 11:30AM
TWO-DIMENSIONAL MAPPING OF POLITICAL PARTIES
In short, the argument that democratic politics have historicall been shaped by the twin
forces of economics and culture allows us to create a two-dimensional space in which
we can place political parties:
1. Preferred eooi relatios i.e. ho ioled should the state e i ho gets
hat…
2. Preferred moral order (i.e. how involved should the state be in enforcing moral
norms)
Authoritarianism: belief that state institutions should enforce adherence to officially-
sanctioned norms and values.
Market allocation: more potential growth, more dynamism, but more risk.
Individualism: belief that state institutions should be neutral on moral issues and give
individuals as much freedom as possible to live as they choose.
State redistribution: less potential growth, less dynamism, but more security.
Socialist Parties (Yellow)
Ideology:
o Origins in ideas of Karl Marx and other radical critics of 19th century capitalism.
o Support state intervention in and regulation of the economy (until about 20
ears ago, soialist parties also supported atioalizatio of ke eooi
sections, such as energy, transport, and many industries.
o Redistributive policies meant to lessen social inequalities.
Authoritarianism
Individualism
Market allocation
State redistribution
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