POLS 120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Quasi, Marine Le Pen, Nicolas Sarkozy

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Vocabulary
Essay
Britain France
Electoral
System
Single-member district/first-past-
the-post
PM is the party leader and then if
that party gets a majority they
become PM
Single-member district
and PR
Runoff!You must get
a majority
National Assembly:
First round, 12.5%.
Second round,
majority wins most
seats in government
Presidential: First
round, top two
candidates progress.
Second round,
majority
Senate: Indirect
elections
Executive PM is head of government
Queen is head of state
Has no real political power; just a
figurehead
Downing Street is where the PM
works
Semi-presidential
President is head of
state but has the most
power and sets the
agenda
PM aka Premier is
head of government
but typically has less
power than president
Legislature House of Lords (English nobility
inherited) can’t actually oppose
Parliament or House of
Commons
Cabinet
Appointed by PM from House of
Commons
Whitehall is the name for
departments headed by cabinet
members and advised by the civil
services
Westminster is made up of
Downing Street, Whitehall, and
the House of Lords and
Commons
National Assembly:
Lower house in
legislature where most
bills are introduced
Senate: Upper house
with much less power
(though more than
House of Lords). Can
block legislation but
not really change
anything
Cabinet
Appointed by
President from
National Assembly
Judiciary Supreme Court Created in 2009
Consists of president and 11
judges appointed by a panel of
lawyers
Final court of appeal but powers
much more limited than US
Supreme Court
Can nullify government actions
but only if they do not exceed
powers of an Act of Parliament
and they cannot declare Acts of
Parliament unconstitutional
No tradition of judicial
review
The sovereignty of
Parliament has meant
that the legislature has
last word
The Constitutional
Council was created a
safeguard
President and
presidents od National
Assembly and Senate
appoint 3
representatives each to
serve for 9 year non-
renewable terms
Often legislation is
approved by the
council before it is
even presented
The Council of State is
also around and can
provide recourse to
individuals who have
claims against the
administration
Party System Multi-party system but SMD
makes it appear as a 2-party
system (Duvergers Law) with
strong third party
Multiparty
Second round of
presidential elections
are between two main
parties
Main Parties Conservative: Right
Labor: Center Left
Liberal Democrats: Left
Communists: Far left
and have decreased
drastically in power
Socialists: Current
party in power
UDF: Center right
party
UMP: Party of Nicolas
Sarkozy that is directly
descended from de
Gualle
National Front (FN):
Far right party led by
Marine Le Pen and
created by Jean-Marie
Le Pen
Effective #
Parties
~2.5-3.5
~5.7
Unitary/Federal Unitary but there has been some
devolution of power to Scotland
(Blair’s program included this)
Devolution: Power handed down
from central governments to
other Parliaments in UK; N.
Ireland and Scotland
Unitary: Very Highly
centralized
More intense than in
Britain
Central government
has control over
departments, regions,
and communes
Interest Group
System
Pluralist Interest Group System
Many interest groups that lobby
the government
Neocorporatism
Government doesn’t
officially recognize it
as corporatism
System of interest
group representation,
under which particular
association,
representing particular
interests, have
privileged status to
speak for their group
Seen in France, where
some interest groups
have a privileged seat
when it comes to their
known politics
FNSA; Farmer
association
Voting Patterns There is not much indicator
within gender, family, or
education
Class used to be most important
but now only 40% consistently
vote along class lines
Religion is divisive
Class is a poor
predictor
Family affects voting
Abstention from
voting in elections is
common; presidential
elections have the
highest voter turnout
Major Leaders Tony Blair: PM til 2007 from
Labor party. Made the party
more centrist from far left.
Supported Iraq War which led
voters to dislike him
David Cameron: Conservative
PM after Blair for coalition
government with Liberal Dems
Jeremy Corbyn: Current Labor
PM as of Sept 12. Won in
landslide election within party.
Considered furthest left in
Parliament.
Francois Hollande:
Current Socialist
President. He is very
unpopular right now
and will probably not
win next election
Nicolas Sarkozy:
Previous president of
the UMP party. Wants
to run for president
again in the next
election
Jean-Marie Le Pen: FN
president
Marine Le Pen:
Current FN leader,
running for president
next election
Charles de Gualle:
Creator of 5th Republic
and first president
1958
Civil Service Prestigious job because they are
part of Whitehall when they
advise cabinet members
Are in charge of counseling the
government of the day and
maintaining integrity of
government
Sometimes they leak official
documents in order to stop them
from being passed if they think
they’re unethical
Top civil servants are
part of the grands
corps most of whom
are recruited from les
grandes ecoles such as
ENA
Immigration
Race relations act of
1965
a
Policies that acknowledged
difference in race, and
created institutional
appeals to racial
discrimination
"
Equal opportunity
"
Multicultural approach/ race-
relations approach
Growing pressure to asset
limits of multiculturalism
"
Response to urban riots and
US 9/11; London attacks in
2005
"
Initiation of a citizenship
test (2005) and language
requirements for
citizenship
"
More recently,
Schain emphasizes how
integration policies were the
product of political compromise
and consensus between the two
parties
Exam%Review%1
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Vocabulary
Essay
Britain France
Electoral
System
Single-member district/first-past-
the-post
PM is the party leader and then if
that party gets a majority they
become PM
Single-member district
and PR
Runoff!You must get
a majority
National Assembly:
First round, 12.5%.
Second round,
majority wins most
seats in government
Presidential: First
round, top two
candidates progress.
Second round,
majority
Senate: Indirect
elections
Executive PM is head of government
Queen is head of state
Has no real political power; just a
figurehead
Downing Street is where the PM
works
Semi-presidential
President is head of
state but has the most
power and sets the
agenda
PM aka Premier is
head of government
but typically has less
power than president
Legislature House of Lords (English nobility
inherited) can’t actually oppose
Parliament or House of
Commons
Cabinet
Appointed by PM from House of
Commons
Whitehall is the name for
departments headed by cabinet
members and advised by the civil
services
Westminster is made up of
Downing Street, Whitehall, and
the House of Lords and
Commons
National Assembly:
Lower house in
legislature where most
bills are introduced
Senate: Upper house
with much less power
(though more than
House of Lords). Can
block legislation but
not really change
anything
Cabinet
Appointed by
President from
National Assembly
Judiciary Supreme Court Created in 2009
Consists of president and 11
judges appointed by a panel of
lawyers
Final court of appeal but powers
much more limited than US
Supreme Court
Can nullify government actions
but only if they do not exceed
powers of an Act of Parliament
and they cannot declare Acts of
Parliament unconstitutional
No tradition of judicial
review
The sovereignty of
Parliament has meant
that the legislature has
last word
The Constitutional
Council was created a
safeguard
President and
presidents od National
Assembly and Senate
appoint 3
representatives each to
serve for 9 year non-
renewable terms
Often legislation is
approved by the
council before it is
even presented
The Council of State is
also around and can
provide recourse to
individuals who have
claims against the
administration
Party System Multi-party system but SMD
makes it appear as a 2-party
system (Duvergers Law) with
strong third party
Multiparty
Second round of
presidential elections
are between two main
parties
Main Parties Conservative: Right
Labor: Center Left
Liberal Democrats: Left
Communists: Far left
and have decreased
drastically in power
Socialists: Current
party in power
UDF: Center right
party
UMP: Party of Nicolas
Sarkozy that is directly
descended from de
Gualle
National Front (FN):
Far right party led by
Marine Le Pen and
created by Jean-Marie
Le Pen
Effective #
Parties
~2.5-3.5
~5.7
Unitary/Federal Unitary but there has been some
devolution of power to Scotland
(Blair’s program included this)
Devolution: Power handed down
from central governments to
other Parliaments in UK; N.
Ireland and Scotland
Unitary: Very Highly
centralized
More intense than in
Britain
Central government
has control over
departments, regions,
and communes
Interest Group
System
Pluralist Interest Group System
Many interest groups that lobby
the government
Neocorporatism
Government doesn’t
officially recognize it
as corporatism
System of interest
group representation,
under which particular
association,
representing particular
interests, have
privileged status to
speak for their group
Seen in France, where
some interest groups
have a privileged seat
when it comes to their
known politics
FNSA; Farmer
association
Voting Patterns There is not much indicator
within gender, family, or
education
Class used to be most important
but now only 40% consistently
vote along class lines
Religion is divisive
Class is a poor
predictor
Family affects voting
Abstention from
voting in elections is
common; presidential
elections have the
highest voter turnout
Major Leaders Tony Blair: PM til 2007 from
Labor party. Made the party
more centrist from far left.
Supported Iraq War which led
voters to dislike him
David Cameron: Conservative
PM after Blair for coalition
government with Liberal Dems
Jeremy Corbyn: Current Labor
PM as of Sept 12. Won in
landslide election within party.
Considered furthest left in
Parliament.
Francois Hollande:
Current Socialist
President. He is very
unpopular right now
and will probably not
win next election
Nicolas Sarkozy:
Previous president of
the UMP party. Wants
to run for president
again in the next
election
Jean-Marie Le Pen: FN
president
Marine Le Pen:
Current FN leader,
running for president
next election
Charles de Gualle:
Creator of 5th Republic
and first president
1958
Civil Service Prestigious job because they are
part of Whitehall when they
advise cabinet members
Are in charge of counseling the
government of the day and
maintaining integrity of
government
Sometimes they leak official
documents in order to stop them
from being passed if they think
they’re unethical
Top civil servants are
part of the grands
corps most of whom
are recruited from les
grandes ecoles such as
ENA
Immigration
Race relations act of
1965
a
Policies that acknowledged
difference in race, and
created institutional
appeals to racial
discrimination
"
Equal opportunity
"
Multicultural approach/ race-
relations approach
Growing pressure to asset
limits of multiculturalism
"
Response to urban riots and
US 9/11; London attacks in
2005
"
Initiation of a citizenship
test (2005) and language
requirements for
citizenship
"
More recently,
Schain emphasizes how
integration policies were the
product of political compromise
and consensus between the two
parties
Exam%Review%1
G'</'-<.:;( `)$+3'0([;(J\CX _b\C(F!
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CX8
Vocabulary
Essay
Britain
France
Electoral
System
Single-member district/first-past-
the-post
PM is the party leader and then if
that party gets a majority they
become PM
Single-member district
and PR
Runoff!You must get
a majority
National Assembly:
First round, 12.5%.
Second round,
majority wins most
seats in government
Presidential: First
round, top two
candidates progress.
Second round,
majority
Senate: Indirect
elections
Executive PM is head of government
Queen is head of state
Has no real political power; just a
figurehead
Downing Street is where the PM
works
Semi-presidential
President is head of
state but has the most
power and sets the
agenda
PM aka Premier is
head of government
but typically has less
power than president
Legislature House of Lords (English nobility
inherited) can’t actually oppose
Parliament or House of
Commons
Cabinet
Appointed by PM from House of
Commons
Whitehall is the name for
departments headed by cabinet
members and advised by the civil
services
Westminster is made up of
Downing Street, Whitehall, and
the House of Lords and
Commons
National Assembly:
Lower house in
legislature where most
bills are introduced
Senate: Upper house
with much less power
(though more than
House of Lords). Can
block legislation but
not really change
anything
Cabinet
Appointed by
President from
National Assembly
Judiciary Supreme Court Created in 2009
Consists of president and 11
judges appointed by a panel of
lawyers
Final court of appeal but powers
much more limited than US
Supreme Court
Can nullify government actions
but only if they do not exceed
powers of an Act of Parliament
and they cannot declare Acts of
Parliament unconstitutional
No tradition of judicial
review
The sovereignty of
Parliament has meant
that the legislature has
last word
The Constitutional
Council was created a
safeguard
President and
presidents od National
Assembly and Senate
appoint 3
representatives each to
serve for 9 year non-
renewable terms
Often legislation is
approved by the
council before it is
even presented
The Council of State is
also around and can
provide recourse to
individuals who have
claims against the
administration
Party System Multi-party system but SMD
makes it appear as a 2-party
system (Duvergers Law) with
strong third party
Multiparty
Second round of
presidential elections
are between two main
parties
Main Parties Conservative: Right
Labor: Center Left
Liberal Democrats: Left
Communists: Far left
and have decreased
drastically in power
Socialists: Current
party in power
UDF: Center right
party
UMP: Party of Nicolas
Sarkozy that is directly
descended from de
Gualle
National Front (FN):
Far right party led by
Marine Le Pen and
created by Jean-Marie
Le Pen
Effective #
Parties
~2.5-3.5
~5.7
Unitary/Federal Unitary but there has been some
devolution of power to Scotland
(Blair’s program included this)
Devolution: Power handed down
from central governments to
other Parliaments in UK; N.
Ireland and Scotland
Unitary: Very Highly
centralized
More intense than in
Britain
Central government
has control over
departments, regions,
and communes
Interest Group
System
Pluralist Interest Group System
Many interest groups that lobby
the government
Neocorporatism
Government doesn’t
officially recognize it
as corporatism
System of interest
group representation,
under which particular
association,
representing particular
interests, have
privileged status to
speak for their group
Seen in France, where
some interest groups
have a privileged seat
when it comes to their
known politics
FNSA; Farmer
association
Voting Patterns There is not much indicator
within gender, family, or
education
Class used to be most important
but now only 40% consistently
vote along class lines
Religion is divisive
Class is a poor
predictor
Family affects voting
Abstention from
voting in elections is
common; presidential
elections have the
highest voter turnout
Major Leaders Tony Blair: PM til 2007 from
Labor party. Made the party
more centrist from far left.
Supported Iraq War which led
voters to dislike him
David Cameron: Conservative
PM after Blair for coalition
government with Liberal Dems
Jeremy Corbyn: Current Labor
PM as of Sept 12. Won in
landslide election within party.
Considered furthest left in
Parliament.
Francois Hollande:
Current Socialist
President. He is very
unpopular right now
and will probably not
win next election
Nicolas Sarkozy:
Previous president of
the UMP party. Wants
to run for president
again in the next
election
Jean-Marie Le Pen: FN
president
Marine Le Pen:
Current FN leader,
running for president
next election
Charles de Gualle:
Creator of 5th Republic
and first president
1958
Civil Service Prestigious job because they are
part of Whitehall when they
advise cabinet members
Are in charge of counseling the
government of the day and
maintaining integrity of
government
Sometimes they leak official
documents in order to stop them
from being passed if they think
they’re unethical
Top civil servants are
part of the grands
corps most of whom
are recruited from les
grandes ecoles such as
ENA
Immigration
Race relations act of
1965
a
Policies that acknowledged
difference in race, and
created institutional
appeals to racial
discrimination
"
Equal opportunity
"
Multicultural approach/ race-
relations approach
Growing pressure to asset
limits of multiculturalism
"
Response to urban riots and
US 9/11; London attacks in
2005
"
Initiation of a citizenship
test (2005) and language
requirements for
citizenship
"
More recently,
Schain emphasizes how
integration policies were the
product of political compromise
and consensus between the two
parties
Exam%Review%1
G'</'-<.:;( `)$+3'0([;(J\CX _b\C(F!
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