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Lecture 13

SOC 225 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Heteronormativity, Hypermasculinity, Cisgender

Course Code
SOC 225
Michael Vaughn

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Soc 225: Sociology of Sex and Gender
Lecture 13
What happens when a person holds multiple identities?
Multiple Identities
- We are never just one thing
- Studies that control for other identities are making an analytical distinction
- These distinctions are artificial, often relying on extant social constructions
Schilt & Westbrook (2009)
How are sex, gender, and sexuality co-constitutive?
Heteronormativity (Hetero + Normative)
the suits of ultural, legal ad istitutioal praties that aitai ormative assumptions that
there are two and only two genders, that gender reflects biological sex, and that only sexual
attratio etee these opposite geders is atural ad aeptale. (“hilt ad Westrook
2009: 441)
- Assumption that there is a binary
- Shapes the way we interact with others
- And how we perceive our own desires
A set of largely invisible social norms exist to govern gender and sexuality, defining
appropriate and valued behavior
These norms reflect beliefs which hold that being heterosexual and being cisgender are
the valued role in society
These norms make being heterosexual and cisgender appear to be the default or only
Heteronormativity binds:
- Biological Sex
- Gender
- Sexuality
And creates a world view which privileges cisgender heterosexual people and reproduces
systems of
Brown (1999)
- How are sex, gender, and sexuality co-constitutive?
- Comic books focused on masculinity, specifically black heroes
Black Masculinity
- Differently raced people are subjected to different racial stereotypes
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