PSY 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Wilhelm Wundt, Abraham Maslow, Optical Illusion

9 views2 pages
7 Feb 2017
School
Department
Course

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

1/9/17 & 1/11/17
CH. 1 THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHOLOGY NOTES
Early History:
2 intellectual parents of psychology - Philosophy & Physiology
Born in 1879 - Founded by Wilhelm Wundt at the university of leipzig in Germany;
conducted the first psychology lab
1883 psychology comes to U.S.; 20+ labs created within next 10 years - most founded
by Wundt’s students.
Structuralism:
Purpose: analyze the experience of consciousness
Technique: introspection in the research lab
Topics: Sensations & perceptions
- Auditory tones
- Optical illusions
- Olfactory stimuli
Functionalism (William James):
Purpose: analyze the purpose of consciousness
Technique: observation in the real world
Topics: Childhood development (intelligence testing) & Differences between men and
women
1920s: Introducing the unconscious
Sigmund Freud
Unconscious: thoughts, memories, & desires outside of awareness
Psychoanalytic theory: personality stems from the unconscious
Psychoanalysis: insight therapy
A response to Freud:
Behaviorism: focus on observable behaviors
Founders: John B. Watson (little albert experiment) & B.F. Skinner
Techniques: Classical Conditioning(dog experiment), Operant Conditioning(pigeon
experiment)
1950s: The Humanist Revolt
Humanism: focus on freedom and personal growth
Founders: Carl Rogers & Abraham Maslow
Major Work: Client-centered therapy and hierarchy of needs
Hierarchy of needs from greatest to least greatest : physiological needs, safety and
security, love and belonging, esteem, self actualization, self transcendence
Cognitive Psychology:
Studies mental processes used in acquiring knowledge; Thinking.
Topics:
- Memory
- Language
- Reasoning: decision making & problem solving
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class