ANT 2511 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Ouranopithecus, Dryopithecus, Sivapithecus

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26 Jul 2018
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What happened with the late Mocene apes?
They moved to Europe and Asia due to warmer weather conditions; migration from africa
Apes that existed during the Late Miocene
Sivapithecus and Dryopithecus
Traits of Proconsul
-2-1-2-3; Y5
-Limbs equal size
-No tail
Traits of Sivapithecus
-16-7 mya in India
-Believed to be ancestral to modern orangutan
Sivapithecus is most similar to which of the modern apes? In what features?
Orangutans; shorter mandible & snout, as well as orbital placement.
Traits of Gigantopithecus
-2 species, India and China
-Probably ate bamboo
-Died out around 400,000 years ago
-Coexisted with Homo Erectus
-Some believe it still lives today
Who is the best candidate group for the ancestors of the african apes?
Dryopithecus and Ouranopithecus
What happens after 2 species diverge?
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