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Class Notes for Biological Sciences at Florida Atlantic University

BSC 1005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Design Of Experiments, Scientific Method, Falsifiability

BSC1005: Life Science Week 1: Introduction to the Scientific Method What is Science? A systematic method to answer questions A process of using observations and experiments to draw evidence-based conclusions Why is it impo...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1005
Diane Lowell
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Light-Independent Reactions, Autosome, Cellular Respiration
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An organism with two of the same allele (for example AA or aa). homozygous These cells are capable of making eggs and sperm (in animals via meiosis). germ When a mutation expresses many phenotypes, then this is called...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Kinetochore, Gregor Mendel, Adenine
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This group of organisms has the ZZ-ZW sex determining system (plural form). birds Errors in chromosome number are a result of __ during meiosis I or II. non-disjunction In DNA adenine pairs with thymine but in RNA ade...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Exon, Transfer Rna, Helicase
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The genetic code has more codons than amino acids. degenerate This enzyme adds repeated units of DNA to the ends of chromosomes. Telomerase When the tRNA's anticodon binds to the mRNA's codon, it is called codon ____ ...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Cellular Respiration, Cytosol, Polyploid
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What is the principle of redox reactions? There is a transfer of one or more electrons from one reactant to another; these electron transfers are called oxidative-redox reactions Oxidation The complete or partial loss ...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Phospholipid, Catabolism, Y Chromosome
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Receptor-mediated endocytosis The movement of specific molecules into a cell by the inward budding of vesicles containing proteins with receptor sites specific to the molecules being taken in; enables a cell to acquire b...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Organelle, Rna Splicing, Hydrophile
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Nucleolus A specialized structure in the nucleus consisting of chromosomal regions containing rRNA genes along with ribosomal proteins imported from the cytoplasm; the site of rRNA synthesis and ribosomal subunit assembl...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Cytosol, Cilium, Fibronectin
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glyoxysome specialized type of plant peroxisome that contains enzymes responsible for the conversion of stored fat to carbohydrate in germinating seeds. 3 parts of the cytoskeleton microtubules, microfilaments, interme...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Cell Nucleus, Nuclear Lamina, Cell Membrane
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ribosomes non membrane bounded organelles responsible for protein synthesis prokaryotic cell A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-enclosed organelles. Organisms with prokaryotic cells (bacter...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Exocytosis, Pinocytosis, Optical Instrument
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Diffusion tendency of molecules of any substance to spread out in the available space. Down concentration gradient, from high to low concentration -driven by the intrinsic kinetic energy of molecules -DECREASES FREE ENER...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Society Of Jesus, Herman Gorter, Lipid Bilayer
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Amphipathic Molecules Polar at one end and nonpolar at the other easy to make ex. Phospholipids. Polar due to phosphide non polar due to fatty acid chain. Important in cell structure. Fluid Mosaic Model The currently a...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Lysosome, Cellular Respiration, Semipermeable Membrane
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Special case of diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane. osmosis The three carbon end product of glycolysis is called __? pyruvate This gas is not required for glycolysis. oxygen Receptor __ endocytosis ...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Phagocytosis, Guanine, Dietary Fiber
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hydrolysis Polysaccharide of glucose found in plants that humans cannot eat. In edible plant foods it is called dietary fiber (but do not eat wood to get it). cellulose A helical secondary structure of proteins. alpha...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Chloroplast, Chromatin, Disaccharide
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Two monosaccharides joined together by a covalent bond. disaccharide This organelle makes proteins for the Golgi apparatus (know the whole name, but this is just the initials). rough endoplasmic reticulum A ___ juncti...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William
BSC 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Atomic Number, Homeostasis, Chemical Polarity
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The dissolving agent (liquid) that dissolves a solute. solvent A polar molecule that readily dissolves in water. hydrophilic The atomic ____ is the number of protons and neutrons. mass A scientific _______ is broad ...

Biological Sciences
BSC 1010
Brooks William

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