PSY 1012 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Ethology, Social Change, Mary Ainsworth
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Biological needs demand satisfaction
-> Caregiver satisfies needs
-> Social relationship
- Infants' demands are centered on care and affection,
not biological needs
- Social development:
i. Good Infant-Caregiver Relations
-> a trusting, autonomous child
ii. Bad Infant-Caregiver Relations
-> an untrusting, clinging child
- Innate behavioural sequences are set in motion by a particular stimuli.
- Purpose of Infant-Caregiver Relations:
Psychological Security for Infants
- Infants are biologically programmed to emit certain behaviours to ensure they receive
- Attachments and Relationships are Biologically Adaptive:
-> physical proximity
-> Higher probability of survival
- Attachment Relationships
-> a form of 'Imprinting'
Theory of Attachment
- Critical Period (of Attachment):
6 months - 9 months.
- Crucial for Emotional Development:
6 months - 4 years.