PSY 1012 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Behavioural Genetics, Selective Breeding, Twin Study

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27 Apr 2016
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Chapter 3 Study Guide PSY1012
1. This term refers to the control of human behavior through biological factors.
a. Nature
2. This term refers to the control of human behavior by the environment.
a. Nurture
3. One of the earliest civilizations that left a written record of their eugenics practices was
(the):
a. Spartans
4. Which of the following does NOT fit the category of negative eugenics?
a. Abstinence
5. Which of the following does NOT fit the category of positive eugenics?
a. Death sentence
6. In the one-half century that the United States conducted state run eugenics programs,
approximately ____ sterilizations were conducted.
a. 60,000
7. The majority of people forcibly sterilized through eugenics laws in the United States were
done so because of the individuals:
a. Categorization as feebleminded
8. The theory of evolution attempts to explain how:
a. Animals develop their functional characteristics/ Humans developed language/
Giraffes grew long necks/ Wasps developed a social organization
9. Natural selection suggests all the following except:
a. Intelligence is one of the most important characteristics of all species
10. Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species in:
a. 1859
11. Evolution is the cornerstone of modern biology.
a. True
12. Charles Darwin and Sir Francis Galton knew nothing of DNA during their lifetimes.
a. True
13. Which of the following is UNLIKELY to cause a mutation?
a. Too much or too little exercise
14. Genetic mutations most often produce positive influences on the gene pool.
a. False
15. Isolating a small group of creatures from its main group will probably produce a new
species if you allow enough time to pass.
a. True
16. One of the most easily observable instance of natural selection today is the:
a. Change in flu viruses each year
17. Which of the following does NOT reflect artificial selection?
a. The fact that you cannot get close enough to a wilde vulture to pet it
18. Which of the following reflects artificial selection?
a. Fifth generation lions living in a zoo
19. Which of the following reflects artificial selection?
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a. (Baboon biology/ The United Nations/ Human dancing/ The squirrels living in
your neighborhood) - None of the above
20. The presence of universal patterns of behavior such as human facial expressions
suggests the role of:
a. Natural selection
21. Which of the following reflects learned behavior?
a. Selection by consequences
22. Which of the following reflects learned behavior?
a. Ontogeny
23. There is a conceptual similarity between natural selection and selection by
consequences.
a. True
24. This theory suggests that the current ranges of all behaviors you exhibit today are the
result of all previously successful behaviors you ever exhibited.
a. Selection by consequences
25. If only successful behavior remains and unsuccessful behavior dies out, then why do
people do things that cause themselves problems?
a. Their environment has changed but their behavior has not yet shifted.
26. Clinical psychologists often have to view the current maladaptive behavior of their
patient as:
a. Reflecting a previous maladaptive environment
27. Which of the following scenarios will most likely lead to someone seeking help from a
clinical psychologist?
a. Living whiten a maladaptive environment and then switching to a typical
environment/ Living within a typical environment and then switching to a
maladaptive environment.
28. Approximately how many genes are in the human genome?
a. 25,000
29. Which of the following fields most specifically examines the connection between the
biochemical activity of genes and the behaviors they control?
a. Molecular genetics
30. When evolutionary biology is applied to the understand of human behavior then it is
referred to as:
a. Evolutionary psychology
31. Generally throughout the animal kingdom, the higher the parental investment made, the
more selective the future parent will be with respect to whom they engage in sex.
a. True
32. Evolutionary psychologists argue that females generally do not sign up for online sexual
encounter services because (of):
a. Natural selection
33. From the approach of evolutionary psychology, the fact that men are more attracted to
women with physical characteristics of youth and health is because:
a. These characteristics are most closely associated with higher pregnancy rates
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34. From the approach of evolutionary psychology, the fact that women are more attracted
to men with money and social power is because:
a. These cues are better associated with the successfully raising of children
35. Nature refers to:
a. Any biological trait
36. Nature refers to:
a. Any environmental stimulus
37. Which of the following is the broadest category you can place the word GENES?
a. Nature
38. Which of the following is the broadest category you can place the word LEARNING?
a. Nurture
39. Which of the following do not apply to nature or nurture?
a. (Genes, Learning, Parental upbringing, Culture) - All of the above apply to nature
and nurture
40. Which of the following will fall on the nature side of the nature-nurture discussion?
a. Genes
41. Which of the following will fall on the nurture side of the nature-nurture discussion?
a. Diet
42. Can environmental influences modify the expression of genetic programs?
a. Yes
43. Can genetic traits modify the learning of new behaviors?
a. Yes
44. This field of psychology attempts to understand human behavior through the processes
that shaped our ancient ancestors.
a. Evolutionary psychology
45. Heritability means:
a. The likelihood of inheriting a genetic trait
46. Which of the following is LEAST LIKELY to fall into a study by a behavior geneticist?
a. Learning styles
47. Any influence which is NOT genetic is called:
a. Environmental
48. Which of the following describes your total gene make up?
a. genome
49. Suppose that one thousand cars of different shapes and sizes were lined up end making
a long chain. What role would be played by each car in the chain?
a. Gene
50. Suppose that one thousand cars of different shapes and sizes were lined up end to end
making a long chain. Now suppose there are about 24 separate chains of cars. What
role would be played by ONE LINE of cars?
a. Chromosome
51. Suppose that one thousand cars of different shapes and sizes were lined up end to end
making a long chain. Now suppose there are about 24 separate chains of cars. What
role would be played by the totality of ALL THE CHAINS?
a. Genome
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