PSY 1012 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Twin, Human Genome Project

157 views10 pages
27 Apr 2016
School
Department
Course
Professor
Chapter 4 Study Guide PSY1012
1. Developmental psychology may be said to include all areas of psychology just so long
as there are measures taken over time.
a. True
2. When two variables change at the same time in an experiment it is called a:
a. Confound
3. A type of experimental design used by developmental psychologists which measures the
same group of people over time. This design will have a cohort confound.
a. Longitudinal design
4. A type of experimental design used by developmental psychologists which measures
several groups of people of different ages at the same time. This design will have a
history confound across the experimental groups.
a. Cross-sectional design
5. A type of experimental design used by developmental psychologists which measures
several groups of people of different ages across time.
a. Cross-sequential design
6. If you were conducting a long-term developmental psychology experiment on personality
development, which of the following experimental design types would you prefer to use?
a. Cross-sequential design
7. Which of the following experimental designs cannot be used with time as an
independent variable?
a. Single subject design
8. Nature refers to:
a. Any biological trait
9. Nurture refers to:
a. Any environmental stimulus
10. Which of the following is the broadest category you can place the word GENES into?
a. Nature
11. Which of the following is the broadest category you can place the word LEARNING into?
a. Nurture
12. Which of the following do not apply to nature or nurture?
a. (Genes, Learning, Parental upbringing, Culture) - All of the above apply to nature
and nurture
13. This field of psychology attempts to understand human behavior through the processes
which shaped our ancient ancestors.
a. Evolutionary psychology
14. Which of the following is the field which studies the relationship between genes and
behavior?
a. (Biopsychology, Behavioral genetics, Evolutionary psychology) - All of the above
15. When was the Human Genome Project completed?
a. 2003
16. Now that all the genes in the human genome are identified scientists can immediately
identify which gene has which function.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
a. False
17. Heritability means:
a. the likelihood of inheriting a genetic trait
18. Which of the following is LEAST LIKELY to fall into a study by a behavior geneticist?
a. Learning styles
19. Any influence which is NOT genetic is called:
a. Environmental
20. Which of the following describes your total gene make up?
a. genome
21. Suppose that one thousand cars of different shapes and sizes were lined up end to end
making a long chain. What role would be played by each car in the chain?
a. Gene
22. Suppose that one thousand cars of different shapes and sizes were lined up end to end
making a long chain. What role would be played by the entire line of cars?
a. Chromosome
23. Suppose that one thousand cars of different shapes and sizes were lined up end to end
making a long chain. Now suppose there are about 24 separate chins of cars. What role
would be played by the totality of all the chains?
a. Genome
24. Deoxyribonucleic acid is a:
a. Molecule
25. Which reflects the smallest unit of analysis?
a. DNA
26. Which reflects the largest unit of analysis?
a. Genome
27. Which of the following fields is most likely to study the relationship between genes and
behavior?
a. Behavior geneticists
28. Which of the following BEST identifies where your genes located?
a. Nucleus
29. Genes are used only once during development and then reside dormant inside your
cells.
a. False
30. Genes are located in:
a. Genes reside in all cells
31. How many chromosomes do humans have?
a. 46
32. Which of the following does not represent the typical chimera?
a. Two eggs are fertilized by sperm from two different men
33. The germinal period lasts about:
a. 2 weeks long
34. The embryonic period lasts about:
a. 6 weeks long
35. The fetal period lasts about:
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
a. 27 weeks long
36. With which probability does a fertilized egg attach to the uterine wall?
a. 50%
37. This stage encompasses the organogenesis period.
a. Embryonic period
38. During which period does the brain develop at its fastest rate?
a. Fetal period
39. Which of the following is not a teratogen?
a. (Aspirin, Nicotine, X-ray Radiation, Caffeine) - All of the above are teratogens
40. Fetal alcohol syndrome is a result of the presence of a _____ during prenatal
development.
a. teratogen
41. Newborn infants show a preference for looking at human faces over all other visual
stimuli.
a. True
42. Which of the following is the MOST common measure of infant cognitive abilities?
a. Habituation to stimuli
43. The name given to “orderly biological growth processes.”
a. maturation
44. A fertilized egg is called a:
a. Zygote
45. The name of chemical or biological substances that may cause birth defects.
a. Teratogen
46. Which of the following is the name of a basic reflex present at birth.
a. Rooting reflex
47. The name given to the process by which a duckling follows the first object it sees after it
hatches.
a. Imprinting
48. Which of the following children come from a divided zygote?
a. Identical twins
49. Which of the following children come from two completely separate fertilized eggs?
a. Fraternal twins
50. What is the difference between fraternal twins and general siblings?
a. Whether they developed in the uterus at the same time or not
51. Which of the following reasons would NOT account for some of the arbitrary similarities
between identical twins raised apart?
a. Their genes are the same
52. Behavioral geneticists adoption studies stress the role of ___ in determining the
development of the individual.
a. Environment
53. Unless both parents contribute a gene for red hair the child’s hair color will be something
other than red. This indicates that red hair is a ____ trait.
a. Recessive
54. Two parents with brown eyes can produce a child with blue eyes.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 10 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.