PSY 1012 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Intellectual Disability, Fluid And Crystallized Intelligence, Theory Of Multiple Intelligences

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27 Apr 2016
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Chapter 9 Study Guide
1. Which of the following describes a construct?
a. A theoretical grouping of phenomenon intended to simplify their overall
interpretation
2. Intelligence is a ____ that serves to help manage a large group of processes.
a. Construct
3. Intelligence is a physical entity in your brain. It occupies a select section of your cortex
and can be identified through genetic and anatomical tests.
a. False
4. Which of the following would NOT fit into a construct on mathematics?
a. (Accuracy in counting, Logical rule following, Abstract reasoning) - All of the
above would fit a mathematics construct
5. The name for a systematic way in which to quantify intelligence differences across
people is called a(n)
a. Intelligence Quotient
6. Most IQ tests use a value of ____ to represent average intelligence.
a. 100
7. Which of the following psychologists gave the dictum “Intelligence is whatever an
intelligence test measures.”
a. Boring
8. Which of the following psychologists came up with the idea that the speed of sensory
processing might be positively correlated with intelligence?
a. Galton
9. Which of the following concepts is most closely related to modern concepts of
intelligence?
a. Abstract thinking
10. In what year was the Binet-Simon test created?
a. 1905
11. Alfred Binet was a ____.
a. Psychologist
12. Theodore Simon was a ____.
a. Pediatrician
13. Which of the following is not a part of the contemporary concept of intelligence?
a. (Reason abstractly, Learn to adapt to novel environmental circumstances,
Acquire knowledge, Benefit from experience) - All of the above
14. The phenomenon of general intelligence (g) was developed as a result of:
a. The fact that as a subject got one item correct on a test it was more likely that
they would get another item correct on the test
15. Spearman proposed the concept of:
a. (General intelligence (g), Specific abilities (s)) - Both A & B
16. A particular skill in a specific domain is called a(n):
a. Specific ability
17. Which of the following answers refers to the ability to think novel or creative ways?
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a. Fluid intelligence
18. Which of the following answers refers to the accumulation of factual information?
a. Crystallized intelligence
19. Which of the following is more highly developed in young people?
a. Fluid intelligence
20. Which of the following is more highly developed in old people?
a. Crystallized intelligence
21. The concept of multiple intelligences involves the concept of:
a. Frames of mind
22. The concept of frames-of-mind is similar to
a. A concept somewhere between (g) and (s)
23. Which of the following is NOT part of Gardner’s set of eight multiple-intelligence model?
a. Sensory
24. Which of the following is NOT part of Gardner’s set of eight multiple-intelligence model?
a. Patience
25. Who developed the Triarchic model of intelligence?
a. Sternberg
26. How many components does the Triarchic model of intelligence have?
a. 3
27. Which of the following is NOT part of the Triarchic model of intelligence?
a. Questioning
28. In the Triarchic model of intelligence, Analytical Intelligence is related to:
a. Book smarts
29. In the Triarchic model of intelligence, Practical Intelligence is related to:
a. Street smarts
30. In the Triarchic model of intelligence, Creative Intelligence is related to:
a. Novel thinking strategies
31. In the Triarchic model of intelligence, one may show high levels of intelligence in one
area and low level of intelligence in another.
a. True
32. When someone with low intelligence overestimates their intellectual capacity it is called:
a. The double curse of incompetence
33. The name given to the “knowledge of our own knowledge” is:
a. Metacognition
34. There is a positive correlation between brain size in humans and IQ score despite that
fact that the brains of many renowned mathematical geniuses (e.g., Albert Einstein,
Frederick Gauss) had normal sized brains.
a. True
35. There is some evidence which shows the brains of people with higher intelligence scores
operate more efficiently (e.g., perform less work to do the same tasks as less intelligent
people).
a. True
36. There is some evidence which shows the effectiveness of working memory is positive
correlated with IQ score.
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a. True
37. Although the areas associated with intelligence are scattered about the brain, there is
one area which has been closely associated with general intelligence function. That area
is the:
a. Prefrontal cortex
38. The person who created the mental age concept was:
a. Stern
39. If an 8-year old boy is as smart as a 16-year old boy then his IQ is equal to ____
according to the original mental-age calculation of IQ.
a. 200
40. The replacement for the mental age calculation of IQ was the:
a. Deviation IQ measure
41. Who coined the term eugenics?
a. Galton
42. In which area of intelligence did Lewis Terman work?
a. Giftedness
43. In which area of intelligence did Robert Yerkes work?
a. Race and ethnicity
44. In which areas of intelligence did Henry Goddard work?
a. Retardation
45. The assumption today that people who claim intelligence has a genetic component are
socially biased is called the:
a. Association fallacy
46. The application of intelligence testing in the eugenics programs of the early 20th century
was based on good scientific data and strong theoretical reasoning.
a. False
47. The results of intelligence testing today are understood quite differently than they were
one-century ago.
a. True
48. The most commonly used IQ test for adults today is the:
a. WAIS
49. The most commonly used IQ test for children today is the:
a. WISC
50. Which of the following tests was based on the original Binet-Simon test from 1905?
a. Stanford-Binet
51. Culture-fair test are generally based on:
a. Abstract reasoning skills
52. Which of the following standardized test is functionally an IQ test?
a. (PSAT, SAT, MCAT, LSAT) - All of the above
53. The SAT is correlated positively with measure IQ.
a. True
54. Repeatedly taking an IQ test will improve your score on that test.
a. True
55. The SAT exam does a ___ job in predicting your graduation GPA.
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