PSY 1012 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Bipolar Disorder, Catatonia, Major Depressive Disorder

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27 Apr 2016
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Chapter 11
1. Schizophrenia occurs in about ____ of the world’s population.
a. 1-2%
2. There is a single gene controlling the presence of schizophrenia.
a. False
3. If someone has the genes for schizophrenia then they have to show symptoms of the disease.
a. False
4. Other than genes, which of the following do researchers believe is the second necessary
condition for the development of Schizophrenia?
a. Life stress
5. Which of the following are related to the genetic component of schizophrenia?
a. Genetic copy number variations
6. How many criteria are there for identifying a psychological disorder?
a. 4
7. Which of the following is NOT a criterion to establish a psychological disorder?
a. Others are bothered by the behavior
8. Which of the following is NOT a criterion to establish a psychological disorder?
a. It has a genetic basis
9. Which of the following is NOT a criterion to establish a psychological disorder?
a. It has an environmental basis
10. Which of the following is NOT a criterion to establish a psychological disorder?
a. Not caring about hygienic routines
11. Which of the following is NOT a criterion to establish a psychological disorder?
a. No concern for living in society
12. Which of the following is NOT a criterion to establish a psychological disorder?
a. Statistical infrequency, Disability or dysfunction , Personal distress, Violation of norms, None
of the above
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13. Historically, the most commonly used explanation for psychological disorders has been:
a. Witchcraft & evil spirits
14. Which of the following was NOT used as a way to rid the body of evil spirits?
a. Leaches
15. Which of the following people began to make improvements in the asylums of France in
1792?
a. Pinel
16. The DSM is essentially:
a. A description of all known mental disorders
17. Which group of researchers wrote the DSM?
a. Psychiatrists
18. Psychologists view mental illness from multiple perspectives.
a. True
19. How many axes are in the DSM?
a. 5
20. How many main categories of mental illness are listed in the DSM?
a. 17
21. Which of the following statements is true?
a. Anxiety disorders are more prevalent in females than males
22. Which of the following has a specific, identifiable environmental cue which elicits its
occurrence?
a. Phobias
23. What is the name for the disorder which is characterized by at least six months of fear and
worry that is not directed at any particular object or event?
a. Generalized anxiety disorder
24. Which of the following would be an example of agoraphobia? Fear of:
a. Open or enclosed spaces
25. Which of the following would be an example of a phobia? Fear of:
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a. Snakes, Germs, Cats, Heights, all of the above
26. Which of the following is NOT an Anxiety Disorder?
a. Attention deficit disorder
27. Which of the following is NOT an Anxiety Disorder?
a. Amnesia
28. Which of the following is NOT an Anxiety Disorder?
a. Savant syndrome
29. Brief periods in which a person experiences intense apprehension with trembling, dizziness
and difficulty breathing is called:
a. Panic disorder
30. A strong irrational fear of objects or situations is called:
a. Phobia
31. A cycle of repetitive thoughts followed by a strong desire to produce anxiety-relieving
behaviors is called:
a. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
32. In ability to concentrate and flashbacks to an unpleasant event are called:
a. Posttraumatic stress disorder
33. A person who tends to repetitively scan the environment for danger and magnify ordinary
threats often develops:
a. Anxiety disorders
34. The causes of anxiety disorders may be:
a. Learned and biological
35. Which of the following is NOT part of the reasons for developing an anxiety disorder?
a. Conformity
36. Which of the following is NOT part of the reasons for developing an anxiety disorder?
a. Attribution theory
37. Which of the following is NOT part of the reasons for developing an anxiety disorder?
a. Depression
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