PSY 1012 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Hermann Ebbinghaus, Long-Term Memory, Episodic Memory

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27 Apr 2016
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Chapter 8 Study Guide
1. One of the first memory researchers was:
a. Ebbinghaus
2. A Nobel prize was awarded to ___ for developing the first neurobiological description of
memory.
a. Eric Kandel
3. The original neurobiological work on memory primary used ____ as subjects.
a. Sea snails
4. Memory processes are used constantly while you are awake.
a. True
5. The theorists in the field of memory research apply which of the following concepts?
a. Mental representations Sensory representations, Verbal representations, All of the
above
6. Which of the following refers to information stored in one of the sense modalities?
a. Sensory representations
7. Which of the following refers to information represented in words?
a. Verbal representations
8. Which of the following is one of the most common memory models used by
psychologists?
a. Information processing model
9. According to the Information Processing Model of memory, which part of the memory
model is affected by stimuli?
a. Sensory register
10. According to the Information Processing Model of memory, which part of the memory
model is managing rehearsal?
a. Short term memory
11. According to the Information Processing Model of memory, which part of the memory
model is controlling permanent memories?
a. Long term memory
12. According to the Information Processing Model of memory, which two parts of the
memory model control retrieval?
a. Long term memory and short term memory
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13. According to the Information Processing Model of memory, which part of the memory
model can lose information?
a. Sensory register Short term memory, Long term memory, All of the above
14. According to the Information Processing Model of memory, what does rehearsal involve?
a. Repeating information to yourself
15. According to the Information Processing Model of memory, which subcomponent of the
sensory register is processing visual information?
a. Echoic storage, Iconic storage
16. According to the Information Processing Model of memory, which subcomponent of the
sensory register is processing auditory information?
a. Echoic storage
17. Which of the following also refers to short-term memory?
a. Working memory
18. Which of the following is true?
a. Short term memory has a limited capacity
19. What is the size limit of short term memory?
a. 5-9 items
20. Which of the below answers refers to a state in which long term memory storage is
enhanced through thinking about the meaning of the remembered information?
a. Elaborative rehearsal
21. Which of the following answers refers to a time during which you repeat information to
yourself so that you can maintain it in short term memory?
a. Maintenance rehearsal
22. What is the name for the phenomenon in which the position of an item in a list influences
whether that item will be remembered?
a. Serial position effect
23. Which component of a list of items is least well remembered?
a. Middle
24. Discrete interdependent memory units that are responsible for different types of
remembering.
a. Modules
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25. This component is sometimes called mental “workspace.”
a. Working memory
26. Where is the “central executive” located?
a. Working memory
27. The visual store is sometimes called the:
a. Visuospatial sketchpad
28. The verbal store is sometimes called the:
a. Phonological store
29. What is it called when you store 149219171969 as 1492, 1917 and 1969; the dates for
Christopher Columbus, WWI and the first moon landing?
a. Chunking
30. When you store AARRDVH as HARVARD.
a. Chunking
31. A memory for the steps on how to fix a flat on your bicycle is called:
a. Procedural memory
32. A memory for basic facts is called:
a. Declarative memory
33. A memory for the first dance you attended in high school is called:
a. Episodic memory
34. A memory for the basic meaning of written words is called:
a. Semantic memory
35. Which of the following is also called “generic memory?”
a. Semantic memory
36. When you feel that you know something but are unable to express your idea it is called:
a. Tip of the tongue phenomenon
37. The conscious recollection of factual information is called:
a. Explicit memory
38. The generic term for “remembering” is called:
a. Retrieval
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