SOP 3004 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Laboratory Life, Peer Pressure, Random Assignment

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27 Apr 2016
Social Psychology (SOP 3004) – Exam 1 Study Guide
Topics form the Myers & Twenge Text Chapters
Chapter 1: Introducing Social Psychology
I. What Is Social Psychology? social psychology
A science that studies the influences of our situations with special
attention to how we view and affect one another
Focuses more on individuals and more on how people view and
affect another
Studies our thinking, influences, relationships, attitudes and
beliefs, conformity and independence, love and hate.
II. What Are Social Psychology’s Big Ideas?
a. We Construct Our Social Reality
Explain people’s behavior with enough speed and accuracy to
suit our daily needs
When someone’s behavior is consistent and distinctive we
attribute that behavior to his or her personality
Ex: if you observe someone who makes repeated snide
comments, you may infer that this person has a nasty
disposition and then you might avoid the person.
b. Our Social Intuitions Are Often Powerful but Sometimes Perilous
Our instant intuition shape fears, impressions, and
Thinking occurs offstage and out of sight
Think on two levels (intuitive- system 1 and deliberate-system
Thinking, memory, and attitudes all operate on two levels—
one conscious and deliberate, the other unconscious and
We intuitively trust our memories more than we should
Misread our minds
Deny being affected by things that influence us
Misread our feelings and future
c. Social Influences Shape Our Behavior
Appears in widely different views of same sex relationships.
d. Personal Attitudes and Dispositions Also Shape Behavior
Inner attitudes affect our outer behavior
Ex: smoking attitudes influence our susceptibility to
peer pressure to smoke
Our attitudes toward the poor influence our willingness
to help them
Personality Dispositions affect behavior
Ex: one person exudes bitterness and seeks revenge
Nelson mandela seeks reconciliation and unity with his
former enemies
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Social Psychology (SOP 3004) – Exam 1 Study Guide
e. Social Behavior Is Biologically Rooted
Evolutionary psychologists- inherited human predisposes us to
behave in ways that helped our ancestors survive and
Ask how natural selection might predispose our actions
when dating and mating, hating and hurting, caring and
Social Neuroscience- interdisciplinary field that explores the
neutral basis of social and emotional processes and behaviors
and how these processes and behaviors affect our brain and
Does not reduce complex social behaviors
Must consider both under the skin (biological) and between-
skin (social) influences
f. Social Psychology’s Principles Are Applicable in Everyday Life
Guide your thinking and acting
III. How Do Human Values Influence Social Psychology?
a. Obvious Ways Values Enter Psychology
b. Not-So-Obvious Ways Values Enter Psychology culture
IV. I Knew It All Along: Is Social Psychology Simply Common Sense?
hindsight bias
V. Research Methods: How Do We Do Social Psychology?
a. Forming and Testing Hypotheses theory, hypothesis
b. Correlational Research: Detecting correlational research,
experimental research, random sampling, framing, random
assignment, independent variable, dependent variable, informed
consent, debriefing,
c. Natural Associations
d. Experimental Research: Searching for Cause and Effect
e. Generalizing from Laboratory Life
Chapter 5: Genes, Culture, and Gender
I. How Are We Influenced by Human Nature and Cultural Diversity?
a. Genes, Evolution, and Behavior evolutionary psychology
b. Culture and Behavior culture, norms, personal space
II. Evolution and Gender: Doing What Comes Naturally?
a. Gender and Mating Preferences
b. Reflections on Evolutionary Psychology
c. Gender and Hormones
III. Culture and Gender: Doing as the Culture Says?
a. Gender Roles Vary with Culture
b. Gender Roles Vary Over Time
c. Peer-Transmitted Culture
IV. What Can We Conclude About Genes, Culture, and Gender?
a. Biology and Culture interaction
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