SYG 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: George Ritzer, Metlife, My Big Fat Greek Wedding

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21 Apr 2016
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CHAPTER 7: INTERACTION, GROUPS, AND ORGANIZATIONS
I. A GROUP IS NOT A…
A. SOCIAL AGGREGATE: people who happen to be in the same place at the same
time (people in a bus stop, waiting in line)
B. SOCIAL CATEGORY: people who share a common characteristic (men, teachers)
II. WHAT IS A GROUP?
A. DEFINITION GROUP
B. TYPES OF GROUPS
1. IN-GROUPS: towards which you feel loyalty and respect = “a group that
you are in” (family, close friends)
VS
OUT-GROUPS: a group towards which you feel contempt or exclusion =
“A group you are outside of” (My Big Fat Greek Wedding)
2. PRIMARY GROUPS: small; face-to-face interactions, intimacy, and a
sense of commitment = “emotional connection”
VS
SECONDARY GROUPS: large; not personal; involve very little emotional
attachment = “achieve a goal”
3. REFERENCE GROUPS: a group that provides a standard for judging
your own behavior (families [as children]; friends
--Anticipatory socialization: a group you will be a part of
--A group you’ll never be a part of, but you want to be
III. CONFORMITY
--“Follow orders from an authority figure/go along with the group”
* MILGRAM’S OBEDIENCE
IV. ORGANIZATIONS
A. DEFINITION FORMAL ORGANIZATION
B. BUREAUCRACY (hierarchical administrative system w/ formal rules & procedures
used to manage organizations)
1. CHARACTERISTICS ACCORDING TO WEBER
+Hierarchy of authority
+Division of labor
+Impersonal
+Written rules govern behavior of workers = rationalization = “rules & reg.’s
for everything in order to increase efficiency”
**worried that rationalization could be taken too far. Examples:
Chris at Metlife = inconvenience
Response to Hurricane Katrina = life/death
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