CLP 3140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Major Depressive Episode, Dysthymia, Mania

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8 Feb 2017
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Chapter 6 Notes
Disorders of Mood
- There are two key emotions in mood disorders
o DEPRESSION
Low, sad state in which life seems dark and its challenges
overwhelming
o MANIA
State of breathless euphoria or frenzied energy
- Mood problems have always captured interest and impacted on many across
time, culture, and situations
o UNIPOLAR DEPRESSION
Only depression
No history of mania
Normal mood when depression lifts
o BIPOLAR DISORDERS
Periods of mania alternate with periods of depression
Unipolar Depression
- Definition
- Prevalence
- Recovery
What are the Symptoms of Depression?
- Five main areas of affected functioning
o Emotional symptoms
o Motivational symptoms
o Behavioral symptoms
o Cognitive symptoms
o Physical symptoms
- Symptoms may vary from person to person
Diagnosing Unipolar Depression: DSM-5
- MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
o Seasonal
o Catatonic
o Peripartum
o Melancholic
- PERSISTENT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
o Persistent depressive disorder with major depressive episodes
o Persistent depressive disorder with dysthymic syndrome
- PERMENSTRUAL DYSPHORIC DISORDER
- DISRUPTIVE MOOD REGULATION DISORDER
Stress and Unipolar Depression
- Stress may be a trigger for depression
o Greater number of stressful life events during the month just before
symptoms onset
o Reactive (exogenous) depression
o Endogenous depression
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