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Lecture 2

IHS 4504 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Outline Of Health Sciences


Department
Interdis. Health Sciences
Course Code
IHS 4504
Professor
Jayanta Gupta
Lecture
2

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Chapter 2- Finding a Topic and Getting Started
Finding a Topic
- One of the most difficult tasks confronting the beginner is to select a researchable
problem.
- Tackling an exotic issue often makes the problem either too broad or too narrow in
scope.
- Many factors should be considered in the ultimate selection.
- To find a research topic it is important to identify potential sources such as
o Literature reviews
o Thesis and dissertation defense hearings
o Local, state, regional and/or national conventions
o Existing theory
o Coursework
o Current work environment
o Community contacts
o Grant/foundation sources
o Chance opportunities
Developing the Research Proposal
- To be successful, the researcher must have a detailed plan as well as an overall
conceptualization of the problem.
o Formulation of a research proposal requires the investigator to
Specify the problem and related components
Elaborate on the significance of the research to the health profession
Review related literature
Outline the appropriate methodology within an equitable time frame.
Considerations in Choosing a Topic
- Interest: The researcher should be interested in pursuing the problem, have the
appropriate background and career interests, and develop the required skills
- Operability: The researcher should have both the resources and the time available to
complete the study.
- Scope: the study must be manageable and relevant in terms of conclusions and
inferences
- Theoretical and practical values: the research should contribute to the health field and
be beneficial to health practitioners.
- Health paradigm: the school of thought or model employed by the researcher
- Values of the researcher: the researcher should be aware of his or her own values and
how they may prejudice or bias the study.
- Research methodology/ design: the researcher must be certain the hypotheses are well
written and that appropriate criteria are used to interpret the data.
- Access issues: the method of data collection should be scrutinized for reactivity of the
participants, or the Hawthorne effect
- Unit of analysis: the researcher must ascertain if the unit of analysis is an individual or
an entire population
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