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Class Notes for Biological Science at Florida International University

BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 32: Elastic Cartilage, Extracellular Fluid, Cellulite
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hyaline cartilage most common type of cartilage - contains many collagen fibers - covers ends of bones, nose, and trachea - most of skeleton modeled in hyaline during development elastic cartilage consists of ma...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Tight Junction, Cell Membrane, Cardiac Muscle
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Smooth ER continuous with rough ER, but no ribosomes - synthesizes phospholipids and has other functions Golgi apparatus modifies lipids and proteins from the ER, sorts, packages, distributes, and secretes molecule...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Muscularis Mucosae, Lamina Propria, Submucosa
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Peristalsis is a series of wave-like muscle contractions that moves food to different processing stations in the digestive tract. sphincter muscle at entrance of stomach must relax before food can enter stomach aci...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Abo Blood Group System, Quantitative Genetics, Mendelian Inheritance
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alleles Alternate forms of the same gene homozygous genotype A genotype consisting of two identical alleles of a gene for a particular trait. heterozygous genotype A genotype consisting of two different alleles...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Optical Microscope, Transmission Electron Microscopy
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Biology study of living organisms and their environments Seven basic characteristics of living organisms: 1. organized 2. acquire materials & energy 3. reproduce 4. grow & develop 5. homeostatic 6. respond to ...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Abdominal Cavity, Spermatogenesis, Chyme
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What are the 4 main roles of the large intestines (colon)? storage of undigested chyme as it is converted to feces, vitamin production (via bacteria), reabsorption of salts (active transport) and water (thru osmosis) fro...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Cell Theory, Golgi Apparatus, Hydrophile
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volume (cubic mm) = 2 mm of a cube (2 mm)^3 = 8 mm^3 surface area/volume = 1 mm of a cube 6/1 surface area/volume = 2 mm of a cube 24/8 = 3/1 cell theory: major theory in biology that states: 1. a cell is...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Vasodilation, Extracellular Fluid, Fibrin
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What are the roles of chemical mediators? produce vasodilatation which increases vascular permeability, attract phagocytes and a net movement of fibrin and complement proteins into extracellular fluid. Describe a loc...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 30: Cell Membrane, Pinocytosis, Membrane Protein
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phagocytosis endocytosis of a solid particle pinocytosis fluid uptake by endocytosis receptor-mediated endocytosis form of endocytosis that utilizes a membrane protein receptor to concentrate specific molecules...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Red Pulp, White Pulp, Blood Plasma
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Describe lymph? What is it similar to in composition? excess interstitial tissue fluid that passes into lymph capillaries similar in composition to blood plasma What are the functions of the lymphatic system? hel...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Lipid Bilayer, Cell Membrane, Osmosis
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hydrophobic water-fearing, non-polar, lipid portions of the molecules that are sandwiched in the center of the phospholipid bilayer of the plasma membrane diffusion movement of molecules or ions from a region of hig...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Quantitative Trait Locus, Punnett Square, Allosome
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Homozygous recessive possessing two identical recessive alleles for a particular trait. Ex: aa or bb Heterozygous possessing unlike alleles for a particular trait. Ex: Aa or Bb Punnett square used to calculate ...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Spindle Apparatus, Sister Chromatids, Chromatid
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Growth (G1) stage cell returns to normal size; resumes its function in body. Doubles its organelles (ribosomes and mitochondria) Synthetic (S) stage a copy is made of all the DNA in the cell (DNA replication). 2 chr...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Microtubule Organizing Center, Nuclear Pore, Nuclear Membrane
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Centriole short cylinders of microtubules. Divides and organizes spindle fibers during mitosis and meiosis. Centrosome a pair of centrioles that functions as microtubule organizing center. Nucleus membranous organelle that...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
BSC 2023 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Spindle Apparatus, Sister Chromatids, Chromatid
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DNA is composed of... two complimentary strands made up of nucleotides Doublehelix SugarPhosophate backbone of DNA DNA nitrogenous bases Cytosine, Thymine, Adenine, Guanine Chromatin network of fine threads in the nucleus ...

Biological Science
BSC 2023
Tierra Mossal
Laboratory Basics - Reference Guides

Lab safety is the cornerstone principle in this compelling Guide. All international safety symbols are clearly defined, with all basic lab glassware and equipment depicted by text description and diagrams. The Guide also p...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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