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Florida International University
Religion Undergraduate
REL 4420
Jenell Botello

Buddhist Sects  Buddhism is divided into Hinayana and Mahayana  Hinayana means smaller vehicle  Mahayana means larger vehicle st  1 Council fails nothing accomplished ( 1 year after Buddha dies) (10 Factions)  Years later they have a 2 council, Main concern, remove factions, and be under 1 roof.  One of the factions, became aggressive, and said nothing would happen. ( Hinayana)  All other factions agreed to disagree, they become Mahayana.  Buddhism says we live on earth when we die we go to Nirvana, when we die our souls have to swim through the seas of sasara, Karma of waves will push soul back to earth, so Buddhism offers a boat to get across.  Hinaya is smaller vehicle, is much stricter, so the boat is much smaller.  Mahayana is larger vehicle, is much more liberal, so boat is bigger.  3 council is started by Prince Asoka; the fact that a prince starts it makes it different.  Prince Asoka questioned why they did not have a sacred text, and the 3 council priority is to create a sacred text, which is called Poli Canon. Poli is the language, and Canon is a group of texts.  Both camps wrote the text so they both accept it.  Prince Asoka will turn to Hinayana.  Prince Asoka tells his son, Mahinda to spread the religion through Missionary work.  He goes to Sri Lanka, Hinduism and Buddhism are clashing, and Hinduism is winning, so no more Buddhism in India.  The biggest temples are in Sri Lanka.  Hinayana (also known as the Southern School of thought) 1. Sri Lanka 2. Laos 3. Cambodia 4. Burma 5. Thailand  Mahayana ( also known as the Northern school of thought) 1. Japan 2. China 3. Mongolia 4. Korea 5. Tibet 6. Nepal Hinayana  Theravada means way of the elders. Section of Hinayana  It is the most popular under Hinayana  It introduces temporary Monks.  When children are not working they are sent to the monastery to go to school. ( it is free)  They become temporary monks during rainy season  Monasteries tend to be on the outskirts, they do a lot of charity work. People donate things to them.  Only scripture that is authoritative is the Poli canon. Mahayana  Different from Hinayana in 3 ways  They believe in secret teachings. They say that to read everything, because the Buddha did not teach the same everywhere.  The Buddha is a god, he is divine.  More than one Buddha, making it Polytheistic. 1. Pure Land  Popular in the U.s, it resembles churches.  Congregation  Sunday schools  Monks are allowed to get married, encouraged.  It is a physical place, it is like Limbo, but you can never leave.  The Buddha that lives there has 3 names i. O- mi-tuo (China) ii. Ameda ( Japan) iii. Amitbha ( USA)  Intuitive Sect  Very popular in Japan  Known as Zen Buddhism  They focus on meditation.  There is a monk known as Bodhi dharma, The emperor in China hears him, and the emperor of china is leading towards Hinayana, he invites the Mahayana over, and they tell him that he is not getting enlightened because he spends too much time studying, so they burn down the library. He then turns to Mahayana, and that is how it spread to China.  Bodhi dharma is in china for many years, he gets upset that he is not doing enough to save his soul, so he goes to a cave , and meditates for 6-10 years.  When he is done his legs have withered always, and he falls over.  He keeps falling asleep while meditating, so he cut open his eye lids, so that he would stay awake, he throws his eye lids to the ground, and from the ground a tea plant grows.  Satori is a flash of enlighten.  Japan believes in this, so much that they have teas ceremonies.  Koans which means “Case Studies” which is like a riddle, they are given one every level. If they defend it, they move on to the next level. So the Koans are supposed to help you go to Satori.  Satori is considered a controlled accident.  You meditate to get there but since you don’t know when you will get there it will be an accident.  They use the control accident in there arts. EX. It is more valuable to be art with artist sketches and mistakes, than one that is perfected. Jainism Jainism comes from Hinduism. Things they have in common with Buddhism  No caste system  No Vedas  Monks are not above  They have gods or mundane things, but not enlighten  No animal sacrifice Thing Buddhism created that they follow  Meditation  Self-purification Buddhism follows the Middle way, Jainism loves asceticism. Asceticism is extreme self-denial. Asceticism o Naked during cold months o Clothes during warm months o Poverty o Humiliation Teachings A. Asceticism 1. Soul (Jiva)
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