SPC 2608 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Formal Language, Mental Image, Critical Thinking

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Published on 11 Jul 2017
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Similarities Between Public Speaking & Conversation
1. Organizing your thoughts logically
2. Tailoring your message to your audience
3. Telling a Story for maximum impact
4. Adapting to listener feedback
Differences Between Public Speaking
PS is more structured
requires formal language
requires a different method of delivery
Avoid distracting mannerisms & verbal habits
Stage Fright
anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience
Adrenaline
hormone released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental stress
positive nervousness
controlled nervousness that helps energize a speaker for his or her presentation
visualization
mental imaging in which a speaker vividly pictures himself or herself giving a successful
presentation
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Speech making is an act of communication not a....
performance; don't expect perfection
Work hardest on this part of speech
introduction (nail it!)
Critical thinking
focused, organized thinking about logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of
evidence, and the differences between fact and opinion
Elements of speeches
1. speaker
2. listener
3. message
4. channel
5. feedback
6. interference
7. situation
speaker
person who is presenting an oral and nonverbal message to a listener
message
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whatever a speaker communicates to someone else
channel
means by which a message is communicated
listener
person who receives the speaker's message
a speaker's message is filtered through a
frame of reference
frame of reference
a set of criteria or stated values in relation to which measurements or judgments can be made
Total of his/her knowledge, experiences, goals, values
Speakers in this class will be...
audience centered speakers
feedback
the messages, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker
interference
anything that impedes the communication of a message, can be external or internal to listeners
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Document Summary

Similarities between public speaking & conversation: organizing your thoughts logically, tailoring your message to your audience, telling a story for maximum impact, adapting to listener feedback. Ps is more structured requires formal language requires a different method of delivery. Stage fright anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience. Speech making is an act of communication not a performance; don"t expect perfection. Work hardest on this part of speech introduction (nail it!) Critical thinking focused, organized thinking about logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the differences between fact and opinion. Avoid enthnocentrism the belief that one"s group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures. True or false: speaking is the same thing as communicating. Reasons for poor performance on speeches high pressure for success lack of practice uncomfortable with audience fear of judgement self doubt.

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