ANT 2100 Lecture 4: 11/30 Lecture

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30 Nov 2016
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Archaeology Today: International and Federal Cultural Resource Laws
Antiquities Act of 1906
requires federal permits to excavate or collect artifacts on federal lands
illegal to excavate or collect on federally-held properties
established a process for/way to get permits
museums, universities, educational institutions
gave President authority to create national monuments without approval
Devil’s Tower, Wyoming
Montezuma’s Castle, Arizona
Mesa Verde National Park
first national park to be created for it archeological significance
National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) 1966
“…foster conditions under which our modern society and our prehistoric and historic
resources can exist in productive harmony…”
attempt to make compromise possible between developers and preservationists
ways to develop without destroying thyme past
cultural resources also included in the National Environmental Policy Act (EPA) of 1969
“…preserve important historic, cultural, and natural aspects of our national heritage…”
1. created the National Register of Historic Places
a listing of districts, sites, buildings, structures, objects
significant in American history, architecture, archaeology, engineering, and culture
over 70,000 properties
individual sites can be listed
multiple properties can be listed
this is true when together they are more significant than a single property
properties on the NRHP can still be developed and destroyed
how do we determine significance?
legal significance
must meet one or more criteria:
(A) association with events that mad important contributions to broad patterns of history,
prehistory, or culture
site of a battle
factory district where a significant workers’ strike took place
Trail of Tears
Tennessee Civil War National Heritage Area
(B) association with important people in the past
Lorrain Hotel, Memphis, TN - MLK’s assassination
(C) possession of distinctive characteristics of a school of architecture, construction
method, or characteristics of high artistic value
ex: house or building of a significant style of architecture (i.e., Frank Lloyd Wright
homes)
bridge or dam representing technological advances (i.e., Hoover Dam)
(D) known to contain or likely to contain data important in history or prehistory
Mesa Verde, CO
Winterville Mounds, Mississippi
2. created the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
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