CLT3378 Ancient Myth Notes
o Epic of Gilgamesh:
Gilgamesh & Enkidu (loyal) just like Achilles & Patroclus
Thematically similar to the Iliad:
Loss of a dear friend (grieve)
Gods intervened in the deaths of their friends
Bull of Heaven: the creature killed by Gilgamesh and Enkidu that was
sent from the Gods. (divine)
Uruk (City where Gilgamesh was king of) Sumerian heroe
During Bronze Age
Uruk surrounded by walls (Ring composition); Gilgamesh left a sign of
his greatness that when he dies he left.
o Protects the city
o Sign of his power
o Symbolic gesture
In the beginning of the epic, he did what he wanted and raped women
didn’t care and tried to rape a woman in her bridal chamber before
her wedding when Enkidu stops him. Imposes on men’s wives.
Aruru: Goddess that they pray to and she creates Enkidu
Enkidu: Match to Gilgamesh to be just as strong as him & brave
Gilgamesh & Enkidu wrestle each other and then become friends
Enkidu: animal-like character;
Hunter tells Gilgamesh of Enkidu; they make him “domesticated” by
hiring a prostitution to attract him and lie together for 6 days and 6
nights and make love which turns the animals away from him to now
be with the humans.
Picture of Enkidu & Gilgamesh with the Bull of Heaven (Enkidu with
the ax) and Gilgamesh has headdress.
Threatens to raise the dead (Tablet 6) Comes to Gilgamesh because
she wanted him (ISHTAR) She is a goddess; Daughter of Anu; Anu is
King of Heaven in this myth
Gilgamesh makes her unhappy; all about desire and wants Gilgamesh;
he slayed Hambaba (guardian of the enchanted forest) with Enkidu.
Gilgamesh turns down Ishtar when she wants to be his lover; His