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ENC 3021 (2)
Rory Lee (2)

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ENC 3021
Rory Lee

rhetoric (following fall of Republic) - use of rhetoric starts to decay o rise of empire room for some forensic and epidictic but no deliberative o rise of Christianity  rhetoric is a pagan tool, one for the ambitious (rhetoric negatively associated with Sophists)  wedding of Christian values and Platonic ideas - rhetoric slowly becomes a tool for preaching o church ensured classical texts remained rare St. Augustine - 354-430 AD/CE - father = pagan; mother = Christian - studies rhetoric in Carthage; teaches rhetoric; becomes municipal chair of rhetoric in Milan and meets Ambrose; converts at 32 in garden; becomes a monk and opens monastery in Hippo; becomes a bishop - dies of fever Cicero’s influence - Cicero influenced Augustine by saying speakers should instruct, please, and persuade, speaker should hold the attention of the audience and should move them in order to win – eloquence is important (example of the divine; one’s eloquence would speak to level of education) - Cicero’s Hortensus opened him up to Christianity more than any other writing - Borrowed the necessity of practice and imitation, was stressed in order to become an accomplished speaker - Cicero’s civic rhetoric for spiritual purposes - adopts 3 types of style to adapt to the audience o grand o middle o plain - stresses importance of ethos/virtue Plato’s influence - dispel illusions of the world - truth is absolute and other worldly  incorporeal - recollection, mediation (about God), inquiry - two types of people: spiritual and material - religion from philosophy - arrangement of idea  low (things, objects) to high (abstract) Aristotle’s influence - conflates speech genres: preaching - message – disrupted the rhetorical triangle o logos (message)  pathos (audience)  ethos (rhetor) Christine de Pizan - 1364-1430 - Charles V in France; dad is court physician - she learns tutors o she marries of the legals - everyone die  father, husband, king - widowed with 3 kids, mother, and niece - poetry  moral tenets
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