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Lecture 4

WOH-4244 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Spanish Civil War, Austrian Resistance, Lebensborn

2 Pages
47 Views
Fall 2018

Department
History
Course Code
WOH-4244
Professor
Rafe Blaufarb
Lecture
4

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Blaufarb
9-18-18
Lebensborn
For unwed Aryan mothers with Aryan children where they could have their
child
Direct attempt by Nazis to encourage Aryan pregnancies
Illegal to abort Aryan baby
Sometimes forced abortions for non-Aryans
Try to prevent interbreeding
1935 Nuremberg Laws
Criminalize sexual relations between Jews and Germans
Jews stripped of citizenship
“Jewish” - 3 or 4 Jewish grandparents
Genealogy professions become huge opportunities
Existing “interracial” marriages were not forced to dissolve
Pressure put on them to break up
Olympics hosted in Berlin 1936
Racial measures/punishments tempered during Olympics
Jews banned from all professions
Banned from schools and universities
Banned from clubs and sports teams and all public life
Thinking about removal and deportation at this time, not mass extermination
November 1938, German government organizes a pogrom
Kristallnacht
Night of broken glass
Synagogues burned down
Jews beaten and killed
Businesses destroyed
Jews are blamed for the disorder
30,000 Jews arrested
Some Jews leave Germany
Government impose “exit tax”
90% of total wealth confiscated when leaving Germany
US closes off immigration of Jews because immigrants were in huge
numbers
Reoccupation of Rhineland (west Germany) in 1936
Violates Versailles Treaty but no one reacts
Provided military aid to General Franco’s forces in Spanish civil war

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Description
Blaufarb 9-18-18 Lebensborn For unwed Aryan mothers with Aryan children where they could have their child Direct attempt by Nazis to encourage Aryan pregnancies Illegal to abort Aryan baby Sometimes forced abortions for non-Aryans Try to prevent interbreeding 1935 Nuremberg Laws Criminalize sexual relations between Jews and Germans Jews stripped of citizenship Jewish - 3 or 4 Jewish grandparents Genealogy professions become huge opportunities Existing interracial marriages were not forced to dissolve Pressure put on them to break up Olympics hosted in Berlin 1936 Racial measures/punishments tempered during Olympics Jews banned from all professions Banned from schools and universities Banned from clubs and sports teams and all public life Thinking about removal and deportation at this time, not mass extermination November 1938, German government organizes a pogrom Kristallnacht Night of broken glass Synagogues burned down Jews beaten and killed Businesses destroyed Jews are blamed for the disorder 30,000 Jews arrested Some Jews leave Germany Government impose exit tax 90% of total wealth confiscated when leaving Germany US closes off immigration of Jews because immigrants were in huge numbers Reoccupation of Rhineland (west Germany) in 1936 Violates Versailles Treaty but no one reacts Provided military aid to General Francos forces in Spanish civil war Early 1938 Hitler invades Austria to annex it into Germany Anschluss - reconnecting Austrians to Germany Many Austrians welcome it Unreliable tanks even with no Austrian resistance Sudentenland (edge of Czechoslovakia) German inhabitants (some want to be annexed) Full of mountains, and Czechs dont want to give it up because it will leave them defenseless Hitler threatens war if they do not turn it over Appeasement as a solution Give hitler what he wants and he will be satisfied We will have peace in our time It is annexed Hitler later takes over Czechoslovakia with no resistance France and UK realize appeasement wont work, prepare for wat French build up armored units UK increase fighter plane produc
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