INR 3003 Lecture 14: Political Islam

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International Affairs
INR 3003
Whitney Bendeck

Political Islam 1. "Why do they hate us" 1. A reaction piece (aftermath) 2. The idea of fundamentalism --> interpretations on how the world should work (who should rule it who should govern) 1. Culture and religion (Osama bin Laden --> his answer was religion) 2. "All Muslims should be fighting against infidels" 3. "They" --> Arab Muslims 2. Brief History of Islam 1. Shares Judeo-Christina Roots (Abrahamic religion --> Judaism, Christianity, Islam) 1. The Sons 1. Jews and Christians (Isaac) 2. Islam (Ismael) 2. Jesus 1. Christianity (Christ is Son of God) 2. Judaism (Jesus is not divine) 3. Islam (Jesus is a prophet in a line of prophets) 2. Muhammad(570-632) 1. The new prophet born in Mecca 1. Mecca (land and sea trade roots) 2. Economic hub 3. Corruption of different ideas (this is "where it started") 4. Born with wealth --> corrupted 2. Born into the Quraysh tribe 3. He left Mecca (40 years old) 4. Approached by the angel Gabriel (command to recite --> the words of the Quran) 5. Preached "Go back to basics" --> message not well received in Mecca 1. Muhammad was forced out of Mecca --> went to Medina (622 AD) 1. Continued to preach reform (unite leaders together) 2. He eventually became the leader (politically and militarily) 3. Ummah 1. Community of believers 2. Changing identity (people had very defined identity (tribal)) 1. Replacing tribal identities with common identity (believers) 2. Origin of Islam and POLITICAL Islam 4. Five Pillars 1. Prayer 1. 5 times a day towards Mecca 2. Shahada 1. Statement of conversion "there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet" 3. Alms 1. Charity 4. Fasting (Ramadan) 1. Lunar Month 5. Hajj 1. Pilgrimage to Mecca 5. Christianity vs Islam(Clash of Civilizations) 1. Christians 1. The Divine Jesus (son of God) 2. Jesus was not a political figure (he wasn’t a religious figure either - -> he didn’t fight for political order) 3. Separation of Church and State (western world) 2. Muslims 1. Muhammad the prophet and his relationship as the spokesman from Allah 2. Played a political leader (he was able to establish himself of military rule and conqueror) 3. No allowance for separation between religion and politics (Islamic Law -Sharia) 3. Quran (Hadith and Sunna) Comes down to INTERPRETATION 1. Ha
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