PAD 4393 Lecture 6: Midterm study guide part 2.docx

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8 Jun 2015
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1. Recovery and Reconstruction
a. Recovery – return to normal
i. Most private and public buildings and structures not severely
damaged or destroyed in a major disaster are repaired
ii. Most public and commercial services are restored to normal
iii. Ideas of:
1. Balancing ideal with reality
2. Rapidly returning to normal
3. Increasing safety
4. Improving the community
b. Reconstruction – much bigger than recovery
i. Rebuilding of permanent replacement housing,
construction of large-scale public or private facilities, addition of
major community improvements, and full restoration of a healthy
economy
c. 3 Types of Damage Assessment
1. Windshield Survey – within 24 hours
a. Assesses overall impact
2. Initial Assessment – within 3-4 days
a. Town, city, local, state officials
3. PDA (Preliminary Damage Assessment)
a. Justifies Presidential Declaration
b. FEMA and State will usually come to see how bad
it is and if the State can handle it alone
c. Focuses assistance efforts
d. FEMA Considerations
i. Extensiveness of damage
ii. Nature of damage
iii. Impact on businesses, government, people
iv. What state, local, and nonprofit resources are already available
v. Insurance – what kind and how much to cover the damages?
vi. What federal assistance is available without a declaration?
vii. Danger to health, life, and safety
viii. Context in relation to other local recent disasters (in state)
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e. DRC’s (Disaster Recovery Centers)
i. Established by FEMA at the request of the state in or near the
impact area
ii. Staffed by:
1. FEMA
2. SBA – U.S. Small Business Administration
3. Possibly state, local, and non-profits
iii. Connects survivors with a wide range of post-disaster assistance
iv. Serves as a clearing house of disaster and assistance information
v. Targeted at uninsured or underinsured households
a. Not the first stop a person should make; serve as a
backup plan
f. Long-term Recovery Planning – should be participatory
i. Including all people, businesses, community organizations, all
stakeholders
ii. Should Include:
1. Housing Plans
a. Pre-disaster assessments of housing cannot be
overlooked
2. Economic Development
a. Ties into Housing Planning
b. Chamber of Commerce – stakeholders example
c. Restoring tax base = part of recovery
3. Infrastructure
a. Bridges and Highways
i. Recovery
ii. Rebuilding
iii. Mitigating against future damage
b. Utility Infrastructure
4. Community Recovery
a. Some parts of the community may be
disproportionally impacted by the disaster
2. Logistics
a. To an emergency manager, logistics means providing facilities, services, and materials in
support of the incident
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