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Lecture

Lecture 5Trait Perspectives.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PPE 3003
Professor
Adam Johnson
Semester
Spring

Description
Trait Perspectives  The Goal of the Trait Approach o “Unified Theory of Everything’ Approach—Freud to a trait Approach (Cattell and  Allport) ▯ used clinical observations o Trait approach uses statistical and linguistic analysis to taxonomize of human  traits and characteristics Defining Traits o DEFN: a bio­psychological tendency that inclines a person to experience and  respond to divers situations in a consistently similar way o Traits are continuous and normally distributed—not either or—situational; to  what extent • We tend to operate within a typical range of distribution o Traits are internal and relatively stable across situations • An optimist is relatively optimistic throughout school, work, relationships,  leisurely activities etc. • This has a biological (genes) and psychological (Learning causes) o Traits are additive and independent • There are distinct source traits, which in varying combinations, create  someone’s unique personality profile. How many traits are there? Surface traits vs. source traits o In  linguistic analysis, Gordon Allport identified 18,000 English trait adjectives. o We call most of these “Surface T
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