Class Notes (904,676)
US (350,168)
FSU (3,685)
Sociology (86)
SYG-2010 (19)
Lecture 8

SYG 2010 Lecture 8: social theories

3 Pages
43 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SYG-2010
Professor
Shawn Gauldon

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
What is a theory? A framework for organizing facts or ndings Summarizes why and how two or more things (facts) are related to one another Advances thinking beyond simple descriptions of the world Helps us develop generalized knowledge about our world knowledge that is applicable to more than one place, more than one group of people, more than just one individual Generalized knowledge from theories helps us come up with viable solutions to social problems Good theories new based on data that are carefully gathered and evaluated Why is theory useful in the study of social problems? Make sense of the multitude of facts we encounter in our social life Provide guidelines for how to address problems Theories help us understand why a series of facts are related e.g., height and earnings are related such that taller people earn more than short people women are shorter than men men earn more than women but not all men earn more than women; some women earn more than men wealtheir people are generally taller than poor those born into upperclass generally end up with higher incomes than those from lowerclass How does height or gender or class origin explain earnings? Theory 1: gender theory theoretical proposition: men have a higher social value than women and therefore earn more. Since men tend to be taller than women, taller people earn more. This theory is that gender not height aects earnings. Theory 2: class resource theory economic resource (higher earnings) help people get what they need to eat resulting in better health, competence Theory 3: cultural esteem theory we know that prejudice translates into better or worse access to resources (wages, etc). Thus, we assert that tall people are held in higher esteem than short people. Can we actually sort this out? Yes! Use theoretical lens to derive research questions and test them with methods Theoretical perspectives: macro and micro lenses in society Sociological theories tend to analyze social issues and problems by examining dierent levels of society, from large scale to small scale including: macro level of analysis micro level of analysis Macro level of analysis: large scale, long term, social phenomena society as a whole society is more than the sum of the people in it studies operation of society by examining structural and institutional patterns, how social organization changes over time top down how larger social arrangements aect individuals Micro level of analysis: smallscale interactions between individuals society as practiced by individuals examines phenomena such as conversations, group dynamics, how reactions by people in small groups changes what others do or say and the like bottom up how behavior is patterned an shaped by social interaction Three main sociological theoretical perspectives Functionalism (macro)
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit