THE-2000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Light Board Operator, Catherine, Duchess Of Cambridge, Lighting Designer

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25 Aug 2016
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MODULE #4 LECTURES
#1. Theatre in Practice: Design
Questions:
oWhat is design in every day life?
oHow does design function in theatrical productions?
oWhat stage shapes are available? How do they impact designers?
oWhat is the design process?
What is design in every day life?
oDesign is all around us
oDesign as a code
oAudiences decode design
oDesign In every day life
Clothing/costumes
What kind of clothing is sexy or professional
Music/sound
Lights
Everything that creates a mood whether to study or for a date
Every time you make a choice, same as a designer for a theatre
oClothing
Kate middleton vs Miley Cyrus
What choices are they making with their clothes hair and make up
oAmerican flag pictures
Just a bunch of pieces of traffic
Reality- symbol for patriotism and democracy
More meaningful than fabric sewn together
Designers use symbolic meanings
oAssume that everything on stage is intentional
Clothing
Set dressing
Colors
Design
Pattern of light
And more
Everything on purpose and meaningful
oScenic Designer
Create physical space
oCostume Designer
Costumes
oLighting designer
All lighting and effects on stage (colors, flashing, shapes)
oSound designer
Sound effects transition and mood music
How does design function in theatrical production
oA functional design
Sets mood/tone
Has aesthetic presence
Supports the production concept
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Functions within the show
Meets the budget
oSet the mood/tone
Audience’s first experience with the show
Things that you see is the thing that starts to create that thing with the audience
oAesthetic & artistry
Waiting for godot
Open road, tree, evening
oSupport production concept
Director usually comes up with
Approach to play
Highlight major themes or idea
oFunction
Combat scenes/sword fights
Set has to make sense with plot
Dance scenes with huge casts
oMeet the budget
Cut half of the designs because they don’t have the money to do it
Theatre lay out entire budgets for the entire season
Make sure that you’re meeting the budget
oSunday in the Park with George
Based on a painting
What stage shapes are available? And how does it impact?
oStage shapes
Strengths & weaknesses
Best productions for each shape
oProscenium
Audience on one side of stage
Fallon theatre, FSU
Strengths: big casts & flashy musicals
Spectacles & gigantic sets
Only have to work from 1 side
Nothing blocks audiences view
Storage available off stage in the wings
Curtains that mask some things
Can close curtains
Can do massive set changes
Proscenium Arch
Up and over the stage
“Picture-frame” stage
Creates an imaginary 4th wall
Creates less intimate actor/audience relationship
Weakness: actor-audience connectin
oThrust stage
Renaissance
Globe theatre
Audience on 3 sides
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Strength: Stronger Actor-audience connection
Weaknesses: big set pieces can block some of the audience members
Visibility
Lighting designers have to create space on stage due to lack of sets
Harder to stage & light
Actors can give their back to a lot of members
Usually have small casts
15-20 people
oArena
Theatre in the round
Circles and audience surrounds the stage
Strengths: intimate actor-audience connection
Audience part of show
More communal environment
Weaknesses: set has to be minimal
Smaller casts
Actors can run in holding set pieces or any props they need
Set pieces also flown in from above (door/window frame)
oBlack Box Theatre
Flexible space, often painted black
Gigantic room painted black
Strength: flexibility (can build whatever space they want)
Can become anything
Can mix audience and actors in same place (starting to create more black
box theatres)
Weaknesses: spectacle
Less space for storage and fly areas
Converted spaces
Farms or abandoned areas
What is the process of design?
oRead the play
oConcept meeting
Director, most designers, dramaturg
Everyone comes together and start thinking about the play visually
Interpret the text and conversations about the idea (production concept)
Unify interpretation
Define the limitations (budget, theatre, people to build set or make costume,
time)
oResearch
Library research- period, people, types of clothes, types of building, lighting
instruments, popular instruments for sounds
On-site research- museum, experience the world
oPreliminary designs
Start to build models
Sketches
Put ideas on paper
Everyone understands same thoughts
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