HIST 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Scientific Revolution, Ancient Greek Philosophy, Secularism

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5 Feb 2017
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History #2
Enlightenment: thinking movement
- Powerful movement
o Generated art, philosophy, etc.
- All about reason and secularism
o Secularism means without religion
Separation of Church and State
Laws determined outside of Church
Religion is like a private matter in Enlightenment
- Through reason people can improve their lives
Return of Greek philosophy kicks off Enlightenment
- Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution (1500 1700) also have influence
o Scientific Revolution is all about changing thinking on nature and reorganizing
thinking
All about natural world through reason and logic
Greatly influenced Enlightenment
Scientific Revolution: from geocentric to heliocentric
- Copernicus wrote about sun being the center of the universe
o Not actually true but close
- Originally people resisted this idea but eventually agreed
o Idea was actually simpler than geocentric
o Huge secular jump in thinking
Almost attacks God
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