HIST 1400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Diego Rivera, Indigenismo, Anarcho-Syndicalism

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Published on 14 Jun 2017
School
Fordham University
Department
History
Course
HIST 1400
Professor
Lázaro Cárdenas (1934~40)
Realize many goals of Revolution
FDR-like figure
Chart independent course for Mexico
1934 Agrarian Code
1938 Nationalize oil
Education Reform
Beginning of PRI
NOT promote women’s right
Revolutionary Nationalism
Diego Rivera (Muralist)
Indigenismo
Education & Indigenous Policy
INDIGENISMO
Promoted by Mexican Revolutionary Government (1910~30s)
New nation-building ideology
Contributions of Indian traditions to Mexican national culture
Challenge Eurocentric racial ideas of Porfirio Diáz
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POPULISM
A political discourse (way of talking about politics), not a specific
policy or program
“The People”
-ie. 99%
Deliberately vague
Latin American Populist Leaders
LA & Global Labor Movements (Interwar Years)
Socialism, Anarchism, Anarcho-syndicalism
1919: Rise of socialism on world stage — Comintern
-1917 Russian Revolution
By late 1920s, Communist party in every LA nation.
Trade unions
-Strikes, demonstrations
-1930s: Clash with fascism
Expansion of industrial working class
Labor activism —> Repression
Great Depression and ISI
Great Depression —> Heavy blow to export-oriented LA economies
LA nations turn to ISI (Import Substitution Industrialization )
-Domestic light industry (consumer goods)
-State protection of national industry & economy
-Uneven success throughout LA.
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Document Summary

L zaro c rdenas (1934~40: realize many goals of revolution, fdr-like gure, chart independent course for mexico, 1934 agrarian code, 1938 nationalize oil, education reform, beginning of pri, not promote women"s right. Revolutionary nationalism: diego rivera (muralist, education & indigenous policy. Indigenismo: promoted by mexican revolutionary government (1910~30s, new nation-building ideology, contributions of indian traditions to mexican national culture, challenge eurocentric racial ideas of por rio di z. Populism: a political discourse (way of talking about politics), not a speci c policy or program. La & global labor movements (interwar years: socialism, anarchism, anarcho-syndicalism, 1919: rise of socialism on world stage comintern. 1917 russian revolution: by late 1920s, communist party in every la nation, trade unions. 1930s: clash with fascism: expansion of industrial working class, labor activism > repression. Great depression and isi: great depression > heavy blow to export-oriented la economies, la nations turn to isi (import substitution industrialization ) State protection of national industry & economy.

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