HIST 1400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Marshall Plan, Social Democracy, Edward Bernays

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Published on 14 Jun 2017
School
Fordham University
Department
History
Course
HIST 1400
Professor
Latin America before and after WW2
Democratization
Pre-1944: Only Colombia, Chile and few other nations = democratic
1944-46: Every nation except 4 operating under constitutional rule.
Political & Economic Rights extended to larger party of society.
1946-47: Cold war begins
End of Good Neighbor policy
1947-48: Only 5 countries can be considered democratic
No Marshall Plan for LA
US prioritizes “stability”
State centralization overshadows social democracy
By 1948, conservative elite reaction complete
U.S Quest for “Stability”
US seeks stable environment for investment & politics
By1954 : Pro-US military dictatorships in 13 of 20 LA nations
School of the Americas 1946
Org. of American States (OAS) 1948
-Declaration of Caracas 1954
Military Defense Assistance Act 1951
Rafael Trujillo, Dictator of the Dominican Republic, 1930~61
Guatemala before 1944
Authoritarian regimes
Jorge Ubicó (1931~44)
-Benefit coffee planters & UFC
-indigenous Mayan peasants in slave-like working conditions
-Ladino v. Maya — sharp cultural / ethnic divisions
-Very poor, rural, Low literacy and life expectancy
-LAND: Subsistence land for peasants constantly under UFC &
Coffee threat.
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Document Summary

Latin america before and after ww2: democratization, pre-1944: only colombia, chile and few other nations = democratic, 1944-46: every nation except 4 operating under constitutional rule, political & economic rights extended to larger party of society. 1946-47: cold war begins: end of good neighbor policy, 1947-48: only 5 countries can be considered democratic, no marshall plan for la, us prioritizes stability , state centralization overshadows social democracy, by 1948, conservative elite reaction complete. U. s quest for stability : us seeks stable environment for investment & politics, by1954 : pro-us military dictatorships in 13 of 20 la nations, school of the americas 1946, org. of american states (oas) 1948. Declaration of caracas 1954: military defense assistance act 1951, rafael trujillo, dictator of the dominican republic, 1930~61. Guatemala before 1944: authoritarian regimes, jorge ubic (1931~44) Indigenous mayan peasants in slave-like working conditions. Ladino v. maya sharp cultural / ethnic divisions. Very poor, rural, low literacy and life expectancy.

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