HIST 1400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Mariel Boatlift, Cuban Revolution, Special Period

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Published on 14 Jun 2017
School
Fordham University
Department
History
Course
HIST 1400
Professor
Chile’s 9-11: Allende & Pinochet
The Mariel Boatlift and the “special Period”
1980: Carter Admin opens Cuban-American access to island
—> Exodus April-Oct
Collapse of Soviet Union = devastate Cuba
Special Period 1001-96: Cuban living standards plummet
Today conditions much better
Embargo: Myth of Reality?
Legacies of the Cuban Revolution: Social Reforms &
Women’s Rights
Free: Education; medical care; reproductive rights; social security;
child car, maternity leave; rent
1975 Cuban Family Code: Discrimination ag. Women and girls
outlawed, even in family
Federation of Cuban Women (FMC): Government oversight of
women’s progress
Chile’s Democratic Tradition
Nearly uninterrupted democracy for 150 years since independence
(1810-26)
Social Transformation through democratic means
Long history of Left participation in electoral politics and alliances
Military seen as committed to legalism
Model not possible elsewhere in LA?
-Was 1973 Pinochet Coup unique case, or not?
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Document Summary

Legacies of the cuban revolution: social reforms & Women"s rights: free: education; medical care; reproductive rights; social security; child car, maternity leave; rent, 1975 cuban family code: discrimination ag. Women and girls outlawed, even in family: federation of cuban women (fmc): government oversight of women"s progress. Chile"s political economy: strong economic nationalism since 1880s. Balmaceda (suicide 1891: extreme concentration of land and wealth (latifundia) 2% of farms own 78% of cultivable land: copper mining. Allende: victory of popular unity (unidad popular) coalition: Socialist, communists, and left wing of christian democrats (mapu) - win 36% of vote: salvador allende > president; marxist; socialist oarty candidate marxism through democracy no contradiction. The chilean road to socialism : gradual rather than immediate change. Critics of allende: us: cia & kissinger, middle class, left: revolution from below. Mapu & mir (movement of the revolutionary left) Peasants: still, popular unity coalition increases in support.

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