PSYCH 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 32: Psych, Construals, Reduced Affect Display

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Published on 7 Sep 2020
Psych 104
Social Psychology
Spring 2019
Socioeconomic Status (SES) Differences
Piff et al. (2010) found that people with lower (vs. higher) SES tend to be
more helpful
May reflect a greater concern for the needs of others
However, priming higher-SES people with stimuli that trigger
compassion can increase their helpfulness
Cultural Differences
In all cultures, people are more likely to help a member of their in-group and
less likely to help a member of an out-group
This is particularly pronounced in collectivist (vs. individualist) cultures
Lines between “us” and “them” may be more clearly defined
Feel good, do good”
Isen & Levin’s (1972) dime study (after finding a dime, people were
more likelyto help a confederate who staged dropping their notes)
When we’re in a good mood, we tend to look on the bright side of life
(i.e. mood impacts our construals)
Helping others prolongs our good mood
Being in a good mood increases self-awareness (and this puts us more
in touch with our core-values’ which will make us more generous)
Feel bad, do good
We are also more likely to help if we are feeling guilty, sad, or distressed
Negative-state relief hypothesis: People help in order to alleviate
their own sadness and distress
But! Not all negative emotions increase in helping behaviour
Feel nothing, don’t bother”
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