THEA 234 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Corinthian Helmet, Loincloth, Hoplite
Alexander the great came from macedonia, as well as his father philip: before philip"s time, military was mainly foot soldiers. And these foot soldiers were just ordinary citizens: had to get their own armor, weapons, etc. which was very expensive, only sparta had professional soldiers. Greek hoplites (=foot soldiers: greeks fought in phalanxes. Solider"s out t: circular, wooden shield. originally the borders were rimmed, corinthian helmet. Very rigid, hard to see. bronze. protected entire the head and nose, leaving mouth and eyes open. May have had a felt/cloth interior to provide some sort of comfort. Crests = some wore on top of helmet, for intimidation. later on became a rank symbol. made of horsehair: chiton and loincloth was underneath the armor, greaves. Fasted around the back of the shins. Went all the way from the knees down to the ankles. Very important that they should be well tted because legs = major weak spot: composite cuirass.