# ECON-002 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Fiscal Multiplier, Aggregate Demand

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5 Jun 2017

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April 20 Lecture

The Spending Balance Model!

Simple Version. Assume

C: depends on Y

I: does not depend on Y (+)

G: does not depend on Y

X: does not depend on Y (-)

I, G, and X are together referred to as autonomous spending (i.e. they don’t depend on Y)

Spending Balance if Y = C + I + G + X

Is this not always the case? C, I, G, and X are desired shares, not actual shares. Investment is particularly

problematic, particularly when business investment is not desired. EX: in a recession, firms have trouble

selling goods, goods accumulate as inventory. Inventory counts as investment, but it is not desired

investment.

Graph of the Spending Balance Model starts with the expenditure line. This line graphs (also referred to

as expenditure line) plots desired spending as a function of Y.

In the example in class, Professor Rogers graphs a spending curve with the equation Spending=460+0.6Y

Where is the point of spending balance?

GRAPHICAL HACK: You can guess and check to find the point where Spending=Y (not efficient)

Graphical method: draw a 45 degree line on the graph (line from the origin to the top right corner). At

every point along the 45 degree line, Spending = Y. The point of Spending balance is the point where the

expenditure line intersects the 45 degree line.

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